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Anolis stratulus COPE, 1861

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesSpotted anole, St. Thomas Anole, Banded Anole

Spanish: Lagartijo manchado 
SynonymAnolis striatulus [sic] COPE 1861 (1862): 209
Anolis stratulus — BOULENGER 1885: 27
Anolis stratulus — FOWLER 1918
Anolis stratulus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 348
Anolis stratulus — BRANDLEY & DE QUEIROZ 2004
Ctenonotus stratulus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus stratulus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionPuerto Rico, Isla Vieques, Isla Culebra, Virgin Islands

Type locality: St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.  
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 7790-7800, MCZ 21217. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 44 mm, in females to 46 mm); 4-5
loreal rows; scales between supraorbitals 0-1 (mode 0); 1-3 scales between inter-parietal and supraorbital semicircles; 6 postrostrals; 6 postmentals; suboculars in broad contact with supralabials; dorsals minutely granular, same size as lateral scales, no enlarged middorsal scales; ventrals small, slightly imbricate, cycloid, smooth; throat scales near-granular, elongate, smooth; supradigital scales unicarinate; tail moderately compressed, distinctly verticillate, 8 - 9 vertical rows of feebly keeled scales/verticil, upper edge strongly serrate, 5 middorsal scales /verticil; dewlap scales in well-separated rows, edge thickened. Dorsum light yellowish gray, grayish drab, or greenish; 3-4 saddle- or hourglass-shaped spots very prominent, blackish brown, bordered by whitish margins; an irregular series of brown to cinnamon spots, also with white margins, on sides; a pale crescent on suboculars at times present; a black, crescentic, postocular figure present; venter greenish; throat and underside of neck pale, bluish green; iris dark brown; dewlap deep orange to brick, scales canary-yellow, those on anterior edge more whitish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 348). 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Rivero, 1978; MacLean, 1982; Grobman, 1983; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Habitat: Ecomorph class: trunk-crown. 
  • Barbour, T. 1917. Notes on the herpetology of the Virgin Islands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 30: 97-103. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Brandley, M.C. & De Queiroz, K. 2004. Phylogeny, ecomorphological evolution, and historical biogeography of the Anolis cristatellus series. Herpetological Monographs 18: 90-126 - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of anoles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 208-215. - get paper here
  • Fowler, H. W. 1918. Some amphibians and reptiles from Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Washington, 252: 1-16.
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Grobman, A.B. 1983. The lizards of Virgin Gorda. Naturegraph Publ., Inc., Happy Camp, CA:5-23.
  • Heatwole, H., D.S. Sade & R. Hildreth 1963. Herpetogeography of Puerto Rico. I. Herpetofauna of Cayo Santiago and Cayo Batata. Carib. J. Sci. 3 (1): 1-5.
  • Huie, Jonathan M; Ivan Prates, Rayna C Bell, Kevin de Queiroz 2021. Convergent patterns of adaptive radiation between island and mainland Anolis lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2021;, blab072, - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Kolbe, Jason J. 2015. Effects of Hind-Limb Length and Perch Diameter on Clinging Performance in Anolis Lizards from the British Virgin Islands. Journal of Herpetology Jun 2015, Vol. 49, No. 2: 284-290. - get paper here
  • Lapiedra, O & Thawley, C J; 2019. Anolis stratulus (Barred Anole) Nocturnal foraging activity. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 363 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • MacLean, W.P. 1982. Reptiles and amphibians of the Virgin Islands. MacMillan Caribbean, London: vii + 54 pp.
  • Mayer,G.C. & Lazell,J. 1988. Distributional records for reptiles and amphibians from the Puerto Rico Bank. Herpetological Review 19 91): 23-24 - get paper here
  • MIRANDA-CASTRO L; ALBERTO R. PUENTE-ROLÓN, AND SONDRA VEGA-CASTILLO 2000. First List of the Vertebrates of Los Tres Picachos State Forest, Puerto Rico, with Data on Relative Abundance and Altitudinal Distribution. Carib. J. Sci. 36 (1-2): 117–126
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Perry, Gad;Lazell, James 1997. Anolis stratulus (Saddled Anole). Nectivory. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 150-151 - get paper here
  • Philibosian, R.; Yntema, J. A. 1976. Records and status of some reptiles and amphibians in the Virgin Islands. I. 1968-1975. Herpetologica 32 (1): 81-85 - get paper here
  • Philibosian, R.; Yntema, J. A. 1978. Records and status of some reptiles and amphibians in the Virgin Islands. II. 1975-1976. Herpetologica 34 (1): 47-51 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rios-López, N. & Aide, T.M. 2007. Herpetofaunal dynomics during secondary succession. Herpetologica 63 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • Schoener, Thomas W.;Schoener, Amy 1971. Structural habitats of West Indian Anolis lizards II. Puerto Rican uplands. Breviora (375): 1-39 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • Werning, H. 2012. Zwischen Anolis und Cycluren: Unterwegs auf Puerto Rico. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 100-109 - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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