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Anolis subocularis DAVIS, 1954

IUCN Red List - Anolis subocularis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Pacific Anole
S: Abaniquillo del Pacifico 
SynonymAnolis subocularis DAVIS 1954: 3
Norops subocularis — LINER 1994
Norops subocularis — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis subocularis — LINER 2007
Norops subocularis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis subocularis — KÖHLER et al. 2014: 111
Norops subocularis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero, SW Oaxaca)

Type locality: one mile southwest of Tierra Colorada, 900 ft. elevation, Guerrero, Mexico.  
TypesHolotype: TCWC 8675, male; paratypes: TCWC, INHS (= UIMNH), USNM 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small to moderate-sized species (SVL in largest male 55.0 mm, largest female 47.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all Mexican and Central American anoles except A. boulengerianus, A. carlliebi, A. immaculogularis, A. quercorum, and A. sacamecatensis by having a combination of (1) strongly keeled ventral scales; (2) usually a patch of three greatly enlarged supraocular scales; (3) 13–18 rows of slightly to moderately enlarged dorsal scales that are smaller than ventral scales; (4) moderately long hind legs, longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to level of posterior border of eye or beyond, ratio shank length/SVL 0.25–0.31; and (5) a large pinkish red dewlap in males and a small red dewlap in females. Anolis subocularis differs from A. carlliebi, A. quercorum, and A. sacamecatensis by having longer legs with the longest toe of adpressed hind leg usually reaching to level of posterior border of eye or beyond, ratio shank length/SVL 0.25–0.31 (vs. to ear opening or to a point between ear opening and eye, ratio shank length/SVL 0.20–0.26). Anolis subocularis differs from A. boulengerianus and A. immaculogularis in male dewlap coloration in life (pinkish red with paler areas around gorgetals in A. subocularis vs. pinkish red without paler areas around gorgetals in A. immaculogularis and orange yellow with paler areas around gorgetals in A. boulengerianus) and in hemipenial morphology (hemipenis unilobate with a single apical field void of ornamentation and without an asulcate processus or asulcate ridge in A. subocularis vs. hemipenis slightly bilobate with two apical fields void of ornamentation, one on each lobe and with a finger-like asulcate processus and an indistinct asulcate ridge in A. boulengerianus and A. immaculogularis). Also, in A. subocularis the subocular scales separated from supralabials by one scale row or these scales in contact (vs. subocular scales are usually broadly in contact with supralabials in A. boulengerianus and A. immaculogularis) (KÖHLER et al. 2014: 111). 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyNamed after suboculars that are separated from the supralabials. 
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Davis, William B. 1954. Three new anoles from Mexico. Herpetologica 10 (1): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Fitch H S 1978. Two new anoles (Reptilia: Iguanidae) from Oaxaca with comments on other Mexican species. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. (No. 20) 1978: 1-15 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S., ECHELLE, A. A., & ECHELLE, A. E 1976. Field observations on rare or little known mainland anoles. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51: 91-128 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
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