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Anolis wellbornae AHL, 1940

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis ustus wellbornae AHL 1940: 246
Anolis sallaei — SCHMIDT 1928
Anolis sericeus wellbornae — STUART 1955
Anolis sallaei wellbornae — ALVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956: 7
Anolis sericeus — MERTENS 1952
Norops sericeus — KÖHLER et al. 2006
Anolis wellbornae — KÖHLER & VESELY 2010
Norops wellbornae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops wellbornae — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 205
Norops wellbornae — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionNW Nicaragua, El Salvador, S Honduras, Guatemala (Pacific versant); 1-1050 m elevation

Type locality: “‘San Salvador, El Salvador.’’  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 35710, male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A medium-sized species (SVL in largest specimen 49.7 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe, 2004) that differs from all Central American species of this genus except A. sericeus and the new species described herein by the following combination of characters: male dewlap yellowish orange with large blue-to-purple blotch; short legged (longest toe of adpressed hindlimb reaches to a point between shoulder and tympanum, rarely beyond tympanum); tympanum very small (less than one fourth the size of interparietal plate); anterior superciliary conspicuously large and elongate; ventral scales strongly keeled and mucronate. Anolis wellbornae differs from A. sericeus by having a male dewlap that is larger than 100 mm2 (smaller than 50 mm2 in male A. sericeus) and no dewlap in females (a female dewlap of approximately the same size as the male dewlap in A. sericeus). Additionally, the hemipenis of A. wellbornae has a distinct asulcate ridge (no such ridge in A. sericeus). For differences between A. wellbornae and the new species described herein, see the Diagnosis of A. unilobatus (Köhler & Vesely 2010: 215). 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Synonymy: Mertens (1952) placed Anolis ustus wellbornae in the synonymy of Anolis (Norops) sericeus (Hallowell). Köhler and Vesely (2010) resurrected N. wellbornae from that synonymy.

Similar species: A. sericeus, A. unilobatus. 
  • Ahl, E. 1940. Über eine Sammlung von Reptilien aus El Salvador. Sitzungsber. Ges. naturf. Freunde Berlin 1940: 245-248
  • Álvarez DEL TORO, M., & SMITH, H. M. 1956. Notulae herpetologicae Chiapasiae. I. Herpetologica 12: 3-17 - get paper here
  • Gutsche, Alexander 2015. Die Insel der verschollenen Salamander: Zur Herpetofauna der honduranischen Isla del Tigre. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (3): 38-43 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G.; Vesely, M. & Greenbaum, E. 2005. The amphibians and reptiles of El Salvador. Krieger Publishing, 238 pp. [review in Sauria 28 (3): 13)
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Gunther Köhler 2015. The Anoles (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae: Anolis: Norops) of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard (Special Publication Series, No. 1): 1-280 [review in Q. J. Biol. 91: 227] - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1928. Reptiles collected in Salvador for the California Institute of Technology. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 12 (16): 191-201 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Stuart,L.C. 1955. A brief review of the Guatemalan lizards of the genus Anolis. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan No. 91: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
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