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Anomochilus monticola DAS, LAKIM, LIM & HUI, 2008

IUCN Red List - Anomochilus monticola - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaAnomochilidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymAnomochilus monticola DAS, LAKIM, LIM & HUI 2009
Cylindrophis ruffus — MALKMUS et al. 2002
Anomochilus monticola — GOWER et al. 2012: 47
Anomochilus monticola — WALLACH et al. 2014: 44 
DistributionMalaysia (N Borneo)

Type locality: Kiau View Trail (06.00N, 116.32E; 1,513 m elevation; datum: wgs84), Gunung Kinabalu Park, Ranau District, Sabah, Malaysia (northern Borneo).  
TypesHolotype: SP 04594 (Sabah Parks Zoological Museum, Gunung Kinabalu Park,
Sabah, East Malaysia), female, 3 March 2004; B. Benedict, K. Yustie, and L. Johnny, collectors. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large montane species of Anomochilus (SVL to 509 mm), separable from members of the closely related genus, Cylindrophis in lacking a mental groove, and diagnosed from its congeners by the following combination of characters: parietofrontal single, midbody scale rows 19, and no large pale spots on either side of vertebral. The new species additionally differs from A. weberi (from Sumatra and southern Borneo) in showing an azygous (vs. paired) parietofrontal; 258–261 (vs. 242–248) midventrals; absence (vs. presence) of a light line along flanks; and absence (vs. presence) of large pale blotches on either side of the vertebral; and from A. leonardi (from Peninsular Malaysia and lowlands of eastern Borneo), in showing 19 (vs. 17) midbody scale rows; 258– 261 (vs. 239–248) midventrals; and dorsum unpatterned dark brown, except for pale speckles, one scale wide, at intervals on either side of the vertebral region (vs. with large pale spots). 
EtymologyEtymology.—Latin for inhabitant of mountains (Gunung Kinabalu in Sabah), its elevation range distinguishes it from its two other congeners that are found in essentially lowland or mid-elevation localities. New name applied as a noun in apposition. 
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil; Maklarin Lakim, Kelvin K.P. Lim, and Tan Heok Hui 2008. New Species of Anomochilus from Borneo (Squamata: Anomochilidae). Journal of Herpetology 42 (3): 584-591 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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