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Antillotyphlops catapontus (THOMAS, 1966)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Anegada Blindsnake, Erica's Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops richardi catapontus THOMAS 1966: 190
Typhlops richardi capapontus — CAREY 1972
Typhlops catapontus — HEDGES & THOMAS 1991
Typhlops catapontus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 95
Typhlops catapontus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Antillotyphlops catapontus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops catapontus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Antillotyphlops catapontus — NAGY et al. 2015
Typhlops catapontus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 760 
DistributionPuerto Rico Bank

Type locality: "Vicinity of the Settlement, Anegada, British Virgin Islands"  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 77220 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: A subspecies of Typhlops richardi characterized by far anterior reduction of scale rows, a low degree of labial flare, a high number of vertebrae (226-238), large size, and a low number (nine) of pigmented scale rows [from THOMAS 1966: 190].
CommentSubspecies: Typhlops richardii naugus THOMAS 1966 is now considered as a valid species. 
  • Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. Cryptic species of snakes (Typhlopidae: Typhlops) from the Puerto Rico Bank detected by protein electrophoresis. Herpetologica 47: 448-459. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1966. A reassessment of the Virgin Islands Typhlops with the description of two new subspecies. Revista de Biologia Tropical 13:187-201 [1965] - get paper here
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Julie Marin, Marina Morini, Steve Donnellan, William R. Branch, Richard Thomas, Miguel Vences, Addison Wynn, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6: 558–561 - get paper here
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