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Antillotyphlops dominicanus (STEJNEGER, 1904)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Dominica Blindsnake, Dominican Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops dominicanus STEJNEGER 1904: 687
Typhlops cinereus — CUVIER, in GUÉRIN-MÉNEVILLE 1830 (1829-1838)
Typhlops dominicana — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 646
Typhlops dominicanus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 101
Typhlops dominicanus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Antillotyphlops dominicanus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops dominicanus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Antillotyphlops dominicanus — NAGY et al. 2015
Typhlops dominicanus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 762 
DistributionDominica, Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre

Type locality: “Island of Dominica, Lesser Antilles”

Type locality: “Guadeloupe” (Typhlops cinereus GUÉRIN 1830).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 65.5.4.177; 89.8.14.1-8; and 91.5.11.2
Holotype: M.H.N.P. 3219. (Typhlops cinereus GUÉRIN 1830) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 385 mm; TL/taillength 60-63; TL/midbody diameter 38-56; middorsal scale rows 393-499; scale rows 24-22; head shape rounded; rostral broad in dorsal aspect, oval to nearly parallel, not flared on apex, no labial flare; postoculars 2. Coloration bicolor with medium to dark brown dorsal pigmentation abruptly dropping out along midlateral line or coloration extending completely across venter (fading somewhat ventrally), leaving unpigmented areas
around snout + mouth and vent + underside of tail (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 646). 
CommentFor illustrations see Goin and Goin, 1962; Richmond, 1966; Thomas, 1976.

Subspecies: Typhlops dominicanus guadeloupensis RICHMOND 1966 is now considered as a valid species. 
References
  • Breuil, H. 2002. Histoire Naturelle des Amphibiens et Reptiles de l’Archipel Guadeloupéen: Guadeloupe, Saint-Martin, Saint-Barthélemy. Patrimoines naturels 54: 339 pp.
  • Goin, C.J.,and Goin, O.B. 1962. Introduction to herpetology. W.H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco: ix + 341 pp. - get paper here
  • Guérin 1830. Icon. Règne Anim., Rept.: pl. 18, fig. 2
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S.; Hypolite, Eric; James, Arlington. 2007. A report on the status of the herpetofauna of the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies. Applied Herpetology 4 (2):177-194 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Richmond, N.D. 1966. The Blind Snakes, Typhlops, of Guadeloupe and Dominica with the description of a new species. Herpetologica 22 (2): 129 - get paper here
  • Rudman, S. M. and R. Powell. 2010. Typhlops dominicanus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (879): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
 
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