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Antillotyphlops granti (RUTHVEN & GAIGE, 1935)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Guanica Blindsnake, Grant's Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops granti RUTHVEN & GAIGE 1935: 2
Typhlops granti — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 649
Typhlops granti — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 103
Typhlops granti — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Antillotyphlops granti — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops granti — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Antillotyphlops granti — NAGY et al. 2015
Typhlops granti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 763 
DistributionPuerto Rico, Isla Caja de Muertos.

Type locality: “Caja de Muertos Island, 8 miles off Ponce, Puerto Rico.”  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 76669. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 210 mm; TL/taillength 43-55; TL/midbody diameter 54-60; middorsal scale rows 370-421; scale rows 18-16; head shape truncate; rostral broad in dorsal aspect, oval to parallel, not flared on apex, no labial flare; postoculars 2. Coloration bicolor, very pale brown dorsal pigmentation on about 7 dorsalmost scale rows, most pigmented scales fading and pigmentation dropping out on next most ventral 1 or 2 rows (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 649). 
CommentFor illustrations see Ruthven and Gaige, 1935; Thomas, 1976. 
EtymologyNamed after Major Chapman Grant (1887-1983), a grandson of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the USA. He worked at the Children's Museum, Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences and participated in expeditions of the San Diego Museum of Natural History and the University of Illinois (1950S). He started the journal Herpetologica (1932) and co-founded the Herpetologists' League (1936). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. Cryptic species of snakes (Typhlopidae: Typhlops) from the Puerto Rico Bank detected by protein electrophoresis. Herpetologica 47: 448-459. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1959. A new blind snake (genus Typhlops) from Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (2): 105-112 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Ruthven, A. G. and H. T. Gaige. 1935. Observations on Typhlops from Puerto Rico and some of the adjacent islands. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan 307:1-12. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
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