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Antillotyphlops monensis (SCHMIDT, 1926)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Mona Blindsnake, Mona Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops monensis SCHMIDT 1926:157
Typhlops monensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 653
Typhlops monensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 111
Antillotyphlops monensis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops monensis — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Antillotyphlops monensis — NAGY et al. 2015
Typhlops monensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 767 
DistributionIsla Mona (Antilles), Puerto Rico

Type locality: Isla Mona.  
TypesHolotype: ZMH 1582. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 207 mm; TL/taillength 39-58; TL/midbody diameter 34-39; middorsal scales 302-345; scale rows 20-18; head shape ogival, flattened; rostral width moderate in dorsal aspect, parallel, flared on apex, no labial flare; postoculars 2. Coloration bicolor with medium to light brown dorsal pigmentation, fading over midlateral zone to unpigmented venter; pattern finely lineate as result of dark centers of scales (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 653). 
CommentFor illustrations see Schmidt, 1926; Thomas, 1976. 
  • Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. Cryptic species of snakes (Typhlopidae: Typhlops) from the Puerto Rico Bank detected by protein electrophoresis. Herpetologica 47: 448-459. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1959. A new blind snake (genus Typhlops) from Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (2): 105-112 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1926. The amphibians and reptiles of Mona Island, West Indies. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Ser. Zool. 12:149-163. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
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