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Antillotyphlops naugus (THOMAS, 1966)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Virgin Gorda Blindsnake, Erica's Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops richardii naugus THOMAS 1966
Typhlops naugus — VIDAL et al. 2010
Typhlops naugus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Antillotyphlops naugus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops naugus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Antillotyphlops naugus — NAGY et al. 2015
Typhlops naugus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 767 
DistributionBritish Virgin Islands

Type locality: “Virgin Gorda, British Virgin Islands, on the hillside aboye Pond Bay”  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 77221, 11 August 1964 by David C. Leber; PARATYPES: USNM 1 52449, Virgin Gorda, just north of Garden Rock, 11 August 1964, D. C. Leber; CM 39612, Virgin Gorda:, north of Pond Bay, 13 AugutSt 1964, D, C. Lebef; ASFS V3789-90, Virgin Gorda, just north of Garden Rock, 14 August 1964, Richard Thomas; INHS (= UIMNH) 55629-30, AMNH 92829, Virgin Gorda, SW slope of Gorda Peak ca 800', 16 August 1964, R. Thomas; KU 79857, RT 948, Virgin Gorda, inland margin of Salt Pond behind Sto Thomaj Bay, 17 August 1964, R. Thomas. 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: A (former) subspecies of Typhlops richardi characterized by far anterior reduction of scale rows, relatively high labial fIare, large size, and a relatively high number (mode 11) of pigmented scale rows [from THOMAS 1966: 190]. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; ANGELA B. MARION, FRANK GLAW, AURÉLIEN MIRALLES,<br />JOACHIM NOPPER, MIGUEL VENCES & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040 (1): 031–047 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1966. A reassessment of the Virgin Islands Typhlops with the description of two new subspecies. Revista de Biologia Tropical 13:187-201 [1965] - get paper here
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Julie Marin, Marina Morini, Steve Donnellan, William R. Branch, Richard Thomas, Miguel Vences, Addison Wynn, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6: 558–561 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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