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Apathya cappadocica (WERNER, 1902)

IUCN Red List - Apathya cappadocica - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Lacertini, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesApathya cappadocica cappadocica (WERNER 1902)
Apathya cappadocica muhtari (EISELT 1979)
Apathya cappadocica urmiana (LANTZ & SUCHOW 1934)
Apathya cappadocica wolteri (BIRD 1936) 
Common NamesE: Anatolian Lizard 
SynonymLacerta cappadocica WERNER 1902: 1086
Latastia cappadocica — WERNER 1908: 79
Apathya cappadocica — MEHELY 1909: 431
Apathya cappadocica — LANTZ & SUCHOW 1934
Archaeolacerta (Apathya) cappadocica — SINDACO et al. 2000
Lacerta cappadocica — BISCHOFF 2002
Apathya cappadocica — MAYER & ARRIBAS 2003
Lacerta cappadocica cappadocica— BISCHOFF 2007
Apathya cappadocica — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Apathya) cappadocica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Apathya cappadocica — ŠMÍD et al. 2014
Apathya cappadocica cappadocica — YOUSEFKHANI et al. 2019

Apathya cappadocica muhtari (EISELT 1979)
Lacerta cappadocica muhtari EISELT 1979: 413
Lacerta cappadocica schmidtlerorum EISELT 1979: 415
Lacerta (Apathya) cappadocica schmidtlerorum — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Lacerta (Apathya) cappadocica muhtari — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Apathya cappadocica muhtari — AFRASIAB et al. 2013

Apathya cappadocica muhtari — YOUSEFKHANI et al. 2019
Apathya cappadocica urmiana (LANTZ & SUCHOW 1934)
Apathya cappadocica urmiana LANTZ & SUCHOW 1934
Lacerta cappadocica urmiana — EISELT 1979: 417
Apathya cappadocica urmiana — SCHMIDT 1939
Lacerta (Apathya) cappadocica urmiana — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Apathya cappadocica urmiana — AFRASIAB et al. 2013
Apathya cappadocica muhtari — BÖHME 2014: 146
Apathya cappadocica urmiana — MAYER 2015
Apathya cappadocica urmiana — YOUSEFKHANI et al. 2019

Apathya cappadocica wolteri (BIRD 1936)
Apathya cappadocica wolteri BIRD 1936: 266
Lacerta cappadocica wolteri — EISELT 1979: 412
Lacerta (Apathya) cappadocica wolteri — BISCHOFF 2005
Lacerta (Apathya) cappadocica wolteri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Apathya cappadocica wolteri — YOUSEFKHANI et al. 2019 
DistributionTurkey (Cilician Taurus, east of the Euphrat River, region around Diyarbakir and Viran_ehir, east Siirt--izre, Amanus Mts. and surroundings), NE Iraq, NW Iran, W Syria

muhtari: Turkey (SE Anatolia), N Iraq, NW Iran; Type locality: Tatvan, (Turkey) about 1800 m elevation

schmidtlerorum: between Euphrates and the Lake Van, Type locality: “Vil. Diyarbakir: 10 km S Diyarbakir, Abzweigung Ovabag, Felsental” [Turkey]

urmiana: Turkey (SE Anatolia), N Iraq, NW Iran. Type locality: “Kherra (= Cherra,) Schlucht des Flusses Berdesur, Persien, ca. 20 km SW Rezaiyeh”

wolteri: S Turkey, NW Syria; Type locality: “3000 ft. [elevation], ten miles west of Gaziantep; on limestone rocks in thick scrub country”.

Type locality: Cilic Taurus, (Turkey) 2000 m (elevation).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: lost, formerly ZMH R04403 (formerly no. 2647), “lost” fide Eiselt 1979.
Holotype: NMW; Paratypes in ZFMK, SZE, NMW, ZSM, ZMH, BMNH, FMNH and CAS [muhtari]
Holotype: ZSM 252/1977, male, collected by J. J. & J. F. Schmidtler, 25.04. 1977, paratypes: ZSM, NMW, ZFMK [schmidtlerorum]
Holotype: BMNH (BML) 1935.11.4.128
Holotype: ZISP = ZIN 12657, male [urmiana]
Holotype: BMNH (also given as NHM) 1935.11.4.128, collected 23.04.1935 [wolteri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). Unique among Lacertini in having clear single keels on scales beneath toes, a transparent win- dow in the lower eyelid consisting of several black-edged scales, and variable scaling on the side of the snout that may involve up to three postnasal and three loreal scales and sometimes an additional scale between the rostral and the nostril. Also possessing the following features found only in a minority of other Lacertini: 9–10 premaxillary teeth, often 7–8 posterior presacral vertebrae with short ribs, outer edge of parietal scale not reaching lateral border of parietal table, often five upper labial scales anterior to subocular, no masseteric scale, in some populations eight longitudinal rows of ventral scales; preanal scale often very small, bordered by two or more semicircles of smaller scales; often broad light dorsolateral stripes on dorsum; blue ocelli often present on flanks; bright colouring on underside absent, at least posteriorly, no blue spots on outer ven- tral scales, kidney expanded anteriorly and more than half its length in front of sacrum, hemipenis with traces of an armature and its retracted lobes coarsely folded. More widely distributed features among Lacertini include head and body markedly depressed and supraocular osteoderms fenestrated in adults, usual number of presacral vertebrae in males 26, inscriptional ribs usually absent, tail brightly coloured in hatchlings, hemipe- nial microornamentationn of hook-shaped spines (from Arnold et al. 2007: 36).

Diagnosis: “Eine Archaeolazerte; unterscheidet sich leicht von der nächst- verwandten Art, Lacerta danfordi GUNTHER, 1876, durch das aus mehreren großen und kleineren schwärzlich gerandeten, durchsichtigen Schuppen im unteren Augenlid gebildete „Fenster", durch das lange erste Supratemporale, durch das Fehlen des Massetericums und durch die einfach gekielten Sub- digitallamellen.” (Eiselt 1979: 410)

Diagnose (muhtari): Eine Lacerta cappadocica; unterscheidet sich von L. c. cappado- cica durch das scharf abgesetzte, keineswegs verschwommene Rückenmuster, besonders durch die gerad- oder kerbrandigen Supraciliarstreifen, den weniger stark gefleckten Kopf, die durchschnittlich geringere Zahl der Dorsalia, Gularia, Schenkelporen und Infradigitallamellen, der geringeren Zerteilung der 1. Supra- ocularia und den höheren perzentuellen Anteil an Parietalia mit konkavem Außenrand.—VonL.c.wolteritrenntsiedasfastvölligeFehleneinerQuer- streifung des Schwanzes, der weniger stark gefleckte Pileus, das Zurücktreten von Schwarzfärbung, die durchschnittlich geringere Zahl der Dorsalia, Supra- ciliargranula, Gularia und Schenkelporen von L. c. schmidtlerorum durch die durchlaufende Rückenstreifung ohne Zerfall der Streifen in Fleckenreihen ; von L. c. urmiana durch das ungeteilte Anale und die 6 Längsreihen von Ventral- schildern. (Eiselt 1979: 413).

Diagnose (schmidtlerorum): “Eine Lacerta cappadocica; unterscheidet sich von allen anderen Subspezies durch die völlige Auflösung aller Elemente heller Längsstreifung in Flecken- bzw. Tupfenreihen, die bei Männchen in ein schwarzes Netzwerk eingeschlossen sind, während sie bei Jungtieren und Weibchen aus der ein- heitlich schwarzen oder dunkelbraunen Grundfarbe hervorleuchten. — 6 Ven- tralia-Längsreihen, Anale ungeteilt, durchschnittlich 60—64,2—69 Rücken- schuppen, 19—20,2—27 Schenkelporen.” (Eiselt 1979: 416). 
CommentSynonymy: A. c. urmiana is much more closely related to A. yassujica than to the other subspecies of A. cappadocica (Mayer 2015). Mayer 2015 also states that schmidtlerorum is very similar to wolteri, indicating that both may be synonyms, which was confirmed by Hosseinian Yousefkhani et al. 2019.

Types: For comments on the types of this species see BAUER & GÜNTHER 1995.

Type Species: Lacerta cappadocica Werner, 1902 is the type species of the genus Apathya MÉHELY 1907.

Apathya is a highly variable genus, which parallels its high morphological variation.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.

Etymology (muhtari): “Muhtar (türkisch) = Gemeindevorsteher. — Ich widme diese neue Subspezies in altbewährter Freundschaft Herrn Universitäts- professor Dr. Muhtar BASOGLU, Chef des Instituts für zoologische Systematik an der ,,T. C. Ege Üniversitesi" in Bornova/Izmir. Als erster Türke hat sich Professor BASOGLU der wissenschaftlichen Herpetologie gewidmet und hat mit seinen Schülern in Bornova ein Zentrum herpetologischer Forschung aufgebaut.” (Eiselt 1979: 413) 
References
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  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Bahmani Z, Karamiani R, Rastegar-Pouyani N, Gharzi A. 2014. First record of Apathya cappadocica muhtari (Eiselt, 1979) (Sauria: Lacertidae) in Iran with its natural history and distribution. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 9 (1): 26-29
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  • Kapli, Paschalia; Dimitra Botoni, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Aziz Avcı, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Behzad Fathinia, Petros Lymberakis, Faraham Ahmadzadeh, Nikos Poulakakis 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Anatolian lizard Apathya (Squamata, Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 992-1001 [corrigendum in 69 (1): 308–309] - get paper here
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  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
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