Apostolepis albicollaris DE LEMA, 2002
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|Higher Taxa||Colubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Portuguese: Falsa-Coral|
|Synonym||Apostolepis albicollaris DE LEMA 2002|
Apostolepis dimidiata – LEMA 1993:43 (in part)
Apostolepis dimidita – HARVEY 1999:408 (in part)
Apostolepis albicollaris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 49
Apostolepis albicollaris — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019
Type locality: close to Brasilia, Brazil (fide NOGUEIRA et al. 2012)
|Types||Holotype: MCP 8355|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (simple): Apostolepis albicollaris Lema, 2002 is easily diagnosable from all its congeners by the following combination of characters: a distinctive white nuchal collar (bordered by a narrow black collar), a very broad black lateral streak (from ventral border to 5th dorsal row), an almost entirely black ventral surface or black with lateral blotches, and 5th + 6th supralabials in contact with the parietal (temporals 0 + 0).|
Diagnosis: a medium-sized species of Apostolepis (up to 451 + 46 mm), differing from all other members of the genus by the following unique combination of characters: rostral moderately prominent to slightly pointed (portion visible from above more than 1⁄2 the length of its distance to frontal, equal to slightly lon- ger than mental from below); nasal usually contact- ing preocular; temporals 0 + 0 (5th and 6th supralabials contacting parietal); four infralabials contacting ante- rior chinshields; ventrals 196-230; subcaudals 24-33; terminal shield short, white posteroventrally and usu- ally rounded; white nuchal collar distinct (2-3 scales long), bordered by narrow black cervical collar (1-2 scales long, indistinct in chunB 23782); dorsal col- or red above, the sides black (below middle of dorsal row 5) with white edged scales; black vertebral stripe absent (just a faint anterior vestige); paravertebral stripe absent; venter heavily pigmented (at least later- ally in ventral scales) to mostly black (posterior edges of ventrals white); prefrontal region mostly black, white snout spots usually restricted naso-rostrally; large white blotch covering most of 3rd supralabial, all of 4th, and (usually) most of 5th; chin and infralabi- al region mostly white or just slightly spotted; black occiput extended below rictus, sometimes completing a gular band [Nogueira et al. 2012).
|Comment||Similar species: A. dimidiata.|
|Etymology||The specific epithet is derived from the Latin words albus (white) and collum (neck), in reference to the conspicuous white neck band (which may also be yellow).|
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