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Aprasia pulchella GRAY, 1839

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Higher TaxaPygopodidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Pretty Worm-lizard 
SynonymAprasia pulchella GRAY 1839: 332
Aprasia pulchella — GÜNTHER 1873: 145
Ophioseps nasutus BOCAGE 1873
Aprasia pulchella — BOULENGER 1885: 246
Ophiopsiseps nasutus — BOULENGER 1887: 436 (nom. subst. pro Ophioseps)
Ophiseps nasutus — KINGHORN 1926
Aprasia brevirostris WERNER 1909: 266
Aprasia pulchella — KLUGE 1993
Aprasia pulchella — COGGER 2000: 281
Aprasia pulchella — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: Australia, restriction to Kalamunda National Park, 13 mi E of Perth, W. A. proposed by Kluge, A. G. (1974).  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946. 8. 30. 93, unknown collector.
Lectotype: ZMB 24596 [Aprasia brevirostris, fide BAUER et al. 1994] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Aprasia differs from all other pygopodid genera in possessing the following combination of character states: head scales very large, few in number; parietal scales absent; ring of ocular tissue not completely separated into distinct scales; external auditory meatus absent (small opening present beneath scale in A. aurita); scales smooth; precloacal pores absent; almost always one hind limb scale; snout very short; body diameter very small; tail very short [Kluge 1974]. Maryan et al. 2015: 22 provide an updated diagnosis. 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Type species: Aprasia pulchella Gray, 1839 is the type species of the genus Aprasia GRAY 1839, which is the type genus of the family Aprasiadae GRAY 1841 (now a synonym of Pygopodidae).

Limb morphology: Limbless. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulchella” = pretty. 
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Lang, Mathias & Günther, Rainer 1994. An Annotated Type Catalogue of the Pygopods, Xantusiids, Gerrhosaurs and Cordylids (Reptilia: Squamata: Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae, Gerrhosauridae and Cordylidae) in the Collection of the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70 (1): 85-92. - get paper here
  • Bocage, J. V. Barboza du. 1873. 3. Sur quelques sauriens nouveaux de la Nouvelle Calédonie et de l’Australie. Jornal de Sciencias Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa, 4: 228—232. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Glauert, L. 1956. Herpetological Miscellanea VIII Snake Lizards and Worm Lizards (Family Pygopodidae). Western Australian Naturalist 5 (6): - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 331-337 (287-293) [1838] - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1873. Notes on and descriptions of some lizards with rudimentary limbs, in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 12: 145-148 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1926. A brief review of the family Pygopodidae. Rec. Austral. Mus. 15 (1): 40-64 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1909. Reptilia exkl. Geckonidae und Scincidae. In: Michaelsen, W., and R. Hartmeyer. Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 2., pp. 263-270. G. Fischer, Wien.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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