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Argyrophis oatesii (BOULENGER, 1890)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Andaman Island Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops oatesii BOULENGER 1890: 238
Typhlops oatesii — BOULENGER 1893: 23
Typhlops oatesi — SMITH 1943: 53
Typhlops oatesii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 112
Typhlops oatesi — DAS 2003
Asiatyphlops oatesii — HEDGES et al. 2014
Argyrophis oatesii — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Typhlops oatesii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 768 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma) (Koko Island), India (Andaman Island).

Type locality: “Table Island, Cocos Group, Andamans”  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.10.51-52. 
DiagnosisDescription: snout rounded, strongly projecting; nostrils lateral. Rostral narrow, its breadth 1/4 that of the head, reaching to between the eyes; nasal nearly completely divided; the lower cleft passing to the 2nd labial; ocular and preocular longer than the posterior nasal; the lower edge of the ocular wedged in between 3rd and 4th labials; eye very distinct, in the ocular shield; prefrontal in contact with the rostral: tail ending in a small spine; 24 scales round the body, the diameter of which is contained 32 times in the total length (Smith 1943: 53).

Coloration: Yellowish-brown, with confluent dark spots in the centres of the scales, forming longitudinal lines down the body; on the middle of the belly they are absent (Smith 1943: 53). 
EtymologyNamed after Mr. E.W. Oates, the collector of the types. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. and Chakrapany, S. 1983. Rediscovery of the blind snake Typhlops oatesii in Andamans, India. The Snake, 15 : 48-49
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
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