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Arrhyton redimitum (COPE, 1862)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Oriente Brown-capped Racerlet 
SynonymColorhogia redimita COPE 1862: 81
Arrhyton redimitum — BOULENGER 1894
Arrhyton redimitum — STEJNEGER 1917
Arrhyton vittatum landoi SCHWARTZ 1965: 109
Arrhyton landoi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 587
Arrhyton redimitum — HEDGES & GARRIDO 1992
Arrhyton landoi — CROTHER 1999
Arrhyton landoi — ZAHER et al. 2009
Arrhyton redimitum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 56
Arrhyton redimitum — DÍAZ et al. 2021 
DistributionCuba

Type locality: Eastern Cuba

landoi: Cuba; Type locality: Mountains north of Imías, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: MCZ 42505, originally the holotype of landoi; Holotype: unlocated, probably lost (fide HEDGES & GARRIDO 1992) 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Has been previously considered as a synonym of Arrhyton taeniatum Gunther 1858. HEDGES & GARRIDO (1992) provide evidence that the original holotype is actually not A. redimitum. BOULENGER’s (1894) description was not based on the type but rather on BOCOURT’s description.

Distribution: see map in Díaz et al. 2021: Fig. 5. 
Etymologyredimitum, is derived from the Latin “redimiculum,” meaning head band, which aptly describes the distinctive pattern feature of A. landoi. 
References
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1883. In A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amér Imprimerie Impériale, Paris - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Crother, Brian I. 1999. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS AMONG WEST INDIAN XENODONTINE SNAKES (SERPENTES; COLUBRIDAE) WITH COMMENTS ON THE PHYLOGENY OF SOME MAINLAND XENODONTINES. Contemporary Herpetology 2 - get paper here
  • DÍAZ, L. M., FONG G., A., SALAS, D., & HEDGES, S. B. 2021. A new semifossorial snake of the genus Arrhyton (Squamata: Dipsadidae) from eastern Cuba, with taxonomic comments on other species. Zootaxa, 5052 (3): 406-418 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. and O. H. Garrido. 1992. Cuban snakes of the genus Arrhyton: two new species and a reconsideration of A. redimitum Cope. Herpetologica 48: 168-177 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Hedges,S.B. et al. 1992. Caribbean biogeography: molecular evidence for dispersal in West Indian terrestrial vertebrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 89: 1909-1913 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1965. A review of the colubrid snake genus Arrhyton with a description of a new subspecies from southern Oriente Province, Cuba. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 78: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and O. H. Garrido. 1981. A review of the Cuban members of the genus Arrhyton (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 50: 207-230.
  • Sooy, Kent Van 2012. Picture: A red diamond rattlesnake that was found in a rock pile less than a mile away from thousands of suburban homes. Litteratura Serpentium 32 (4): 218 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L.H. 1917. Cuban amphibians and reptiles collected for the United States National Museum from 1899 to 1902. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 53: 259-291 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de; Bonatto, Sandro L 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
 
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