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Aspidoscelis costatus (COPE, 1878)

IUCN Red List - Aspidoscelis costatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAspidoscelis costatus barrancorum (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Aspidoscelis costatus costatus (COPE 1878)
Aspidoscelis costatus griseocephalus (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Aspidoscelis costatus huico (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Aspidoscelis costatus mazatlanensis (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Aspidoscelis costatus nigrigularis (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Aspidoscelis costatus occidentalis (GADOW 1906)
Aspidoscelis costatus zweifeli (DUELLMAN 1960) 
Common NamesE: Western Mexico Whiptail
S: Huico Llanero 
SynonymCnemidophorus costatus COPE 1878: 95
Cnemidophorus costatus — GÜNTHER 1885: 26
Cnemidophorus alpinus MASLIN & WALKER 1965
Cnemidophorus alpinus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus costatus — LINER 1994
Aspidoscelis costata — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Aspidoscelis costata — WOOLRICH-PIÑA et al. 2016

Aspidoscelis costatus barrancorum (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Cnemidophorus sacki barrancorum ZWEIFEL 1959: 102
Cnemidophorus costatus barrancorum — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus costatus barrancorum — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata barrancorum — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata barrancorum — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2004
Aspidoscelis costata barrancarum [sic] — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008: 47

Aspidoscelis costatus costata (COPE 1878)
Cnemidophorus costatus COPE 1878: 95
Cnemidophorus costatus costatus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata costata — REEDER et al. 2002

Aspidoscelis costatus griseocephalus (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Cnemidophorus sacki griseocephalus ZWEIFEL 1959: 96
Cnemidophorus costatus griseocephalus — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus costatus griseocephalus — HARDY 1969: 145
Cnemidophorus costatus griseocephalus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata griseocephala — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata griseocephala — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis costatus huico (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Cnemidophorus sacki huico ZWEIFEL 1959: 85
Cnemidophorus costatus huico — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus costatus huico — MCDIARMID 1963
Cnemidophorus costatus huico — HARDY 1969: 146
Cnemidophorus costatus huico — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata huico — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata huico — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis costatus mazatlanensis (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Cnemidophorus sacki mazatlanensis ZWEIFEL 1959: 89
Cnemidophorus costatus mazatlanensis — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus costatus mazatlanensis — HARDY 1969: 147
Cnemidophorus costatus mazatlanensis — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata mazatlanensis — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata mazatlanensis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis costatus nigrigularis (ZWEIFEL 1959)
Cnemidophorus sacki nigrigularis ZWEIFEL 1959: 93
Cnemidophorus costatus nigrigularis — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus costatus nigrigularis — HARDY 1969: 148
Cnemidophorus costatus nigrigularis — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata nigrigularis — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata nigrigularis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis costatus occidentalis (GADOW 1906)
Cnemidophorus communis occidentalis GADOW 1906: 339
Cnemidophorus sacki occidentalis — ZWEIFEL 1959: 81
Cnemidophorus costatus occidentalis — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus costatus occidentalis — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata occidentalis — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata occidentalis — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis costatus zweifeli (DUELLMAN 1960)
Cnemidophorus sacki zweifeli DUELLMAN 1960: 589
Cnemidophorus costatus zweifeli — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus costata zweifeli — KLUGE 1984
Cnemidophorus costatus zweifeli — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis costata zweifeli — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis costata zweifeli — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionMexico (Sonora, Morelos, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Tlaxcala [HR 34: 383], Oaxaca, Jalisco, Guerrero, Durango)

barrancorum: Mexico (Sonora); Type locality: Rancho Guirocoba, about 20 miles southeast of Alamos, Sonora, Mexico.

griseocephalus: Mexico (Sonora); Type locality: 111.4 miles east of Navojoa, Sonora, Mexico.

huico: Mexico (Nayarit); Type locality: Pefnitas, approximately 12 miles south-southeast of Rosamorada, Nayarit, Mexico.

mazatlanensis: Mexico (Sinaloa); Type locality: 2 miles north of Coyotitan, Sinaloa, Mexico;

nigrigularis: Mexico (Sinaloa); Type locality: 10.5 miles NW of Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico;

zweifeli: Mexico (Michoacan); Type locality: Mexico, Michoacan, Capirio, 185 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 31359
Holotype: AMNH 63697 [barrancorum]
Holotype: AMNH 75930 [griseocephalus]
Holotype: AMNH 75570, paratypes: UMMZ, SNMH, AMNH, USNM [huico]
Holotype: AMNH 75921. Paratypes: UMMZ, MVZ [mazatlanensis]
Holotype: AMNH 75925 [nigrigularis]
Holotype: UMMZ 119542 [zweifeli]
Lectotype: BMNH 1892.2.8.33 (designated by Smith and Taylor, 1950:182); H. Gadow; 17 Feb.-9 March 1891 [occidentalis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentMay be synonymous with Cnemidophorus sackii. LINER (1994) listed Cnemidophorus alpinus as valid species. Subspecies after LINER 1994. 
EtymologyNamed after the barranca region of Sonora and Chihuahua. 
References
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142 - get paper here
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cobarrubias, Edgar Flores; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz, and David Lazcano 2012. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 6: Amphibians and Reptiles of Hostotipaquillo, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (2):21-26 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1878. Tenth contribution to the herpetology of Tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 17: 85-98 [1877] - get paper here
  • Crawford, N.G. et al. 2008. Thirteen polymorphic microsatellite DNA loci from whiptails of the genus Aspidoscelis (Teiidae: Squamata) and related cnemidophorine lizards. Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 219–223
  • Duellman, W. E. 1960. A new subspecies of lizard, Cnemidophorus sacki, from Michoacan, México. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 10: 587-598. - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E., & ZWEIFEL, R. G. 1962. A synopsis of the lizards of the sexlineatus group (genus Cnemidophorus). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 123: 155-210.
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Gadow,H. 1906. A contribution to the study of evolution based upon the Mexican species of Cnemidophorus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1906: 277-375 (+ maps) - get paper here
  • Gómez-Benitez, Aldo, Ana Esthela López-Moreno, James Martin Walker, Edgar Vásquez-Alcántara, Daniel Sánchez-Manjarrez, Orlando Suárez-Rodríguez and Oswaldo Hernández Gallegos. 2016. Aspidoscelis costata. Scale variation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1089–1091 - get paper here
  • Granados-González G, Pérez-Almazán C, Gómez-Benitez A, Walker JM, Hernández-Gallegos O 2020. Aspidoscelis costatus costatus (Squamata, Teiidae): high elevation clutch production for a population of whiptail lizards. Herpetozoa 33: 131-137 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hardy, L.M., & McDiarmid, R.W. 1969. The amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 18 (3): 39-252. - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Kluge, Arnold G. 1984. Type-specimens of reptiles in the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. [type catalogue] Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (167): 1-85 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the State of Mexico, Mexico with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 953: 137-159 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the herpetofauna of Morelos, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 941: 121-144 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico with a conservation status summary and comparisons with neighboring states. ZooKeys 931: 85-114 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., David Chiszar, and Hobart M. Smith 2004. Selected Records of 2003 Lizards from Chihuahua and Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 39 (9): 164-168 - get paper here
  • Loc-Barragán, Jesús A.; Zarah I. Sosa-Hernández, Christoph I. Grünwald, Emmanuel Miramontes-Medina, Jorge A. Bañuelos-Alamillo, Guillermo A. Woolrich-Piña and David Lazcano 2019. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico 3: Amphibians and Reptiles of the Municipality of Huajicori. Bulletin of the Chicago Herpetological Society 54(10): 205-213 - get paper here
  • Luja VH, López JA, Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A 2017. Herpetofauna inside and outside from a natural protected area: the case of Reserva Estatal de la Biósfera Sierra San Juan, Nayarit, Mexico. Nature Conservation 21: 15-38 - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Maslin, T. ; Paul Walker, & J. Martin 1965. Cnemidophorus alpinus: A new species of teiid lizard from Puebla, Mexico. University of Colorado Studies. Series in Biology (19): 1-8
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W., Copp, J.F., & Breedlove, D.E. 1976. Notes on the herpetofauna of western Mexico: new records from Sinaloa and the Tres Marias Islands. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (275): 1-17
  • Mundo-Hernández, V., M. Á. Balderas-Plata, X. Antonio-Némiga and J. Manjarrez. 2017. Seasonal activity and use of shelters in a population of Aspidoscelis costata (Squamata: Teiidae) in central Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 403–409 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Smith, G R; Lemos Espinal, J A & Schulte, J J; 2019. Aspidoscelis costatus barrancarum (Barranca Whiptail) Clutch size. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 363-364
  • Walker, James M. 2010. Aspidoscelis costata griseocephala: Reproduction. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 351 - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Woolrich-Piña, Guillermo A, Paulino Ponce-Campos, Jesús Loc-Barragán, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson, Elí García-Padilla and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Nayarit, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 376-448 - get paper here
  • Wright, J.W. 1993. Evolution of the lizards of the genus Cnemidophorus. In: Wright,J.W. & Vitt,L.J. (eds.) Biology of Whiptail lizards (genus Cnemidophorus), pp. 27-81. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Norman.
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1959. Variation in and distribution of lizards of western Mexico related to Cnemidophorus sacki. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 117 (2): 57-116
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1961. Relationship of two whiptail lizards (genus Cnemidophorus) in western Mexico. Copeia 1961 (1): 98-103 - get paper here
 
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