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Aspidoscelis pai (WRIGHT & LOWE, 1993)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Pai Striped Whiptail 
SynonymCnemidophorus inornatus pai WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 149
Cnemidophorus pai — CROTHER 2000
Aspidoscelis inornata pai — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis pai — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Aspidoscelis pai — SULLIVAN in JONES & LOVICH 2009
Aspidoscelis arizonae pai — BARLEY et al. 2021 
DistributionUSA (Arizona)

Type locality: Hermit Basin in Grand Canyon, 4800 ft elevation, Coconino County, Arizona  
TypesHolotype: UAZ 5510 (University of Arizona, Zoology) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large, six-lined (6.07), subspecies of C. inornatus. Dorsal ground color black to blackish-brown, stripes bright yellow; venter blue in both sexes, extremely deep blue to purplish-bluein males. SAB, intermediate to high (x = 67.0); SPV, low (x = 6.2); FP, intermediate (x = 30.9); SPV/SAB X 100, (x = 9.3); see Table 1. (Wright & Lowe 1993) 
CommentWright & Lowe (1993) described five new U. S. races of this lizard, arizonae, gypsi, and pai (all allopatric), and juniperus and llanurus (both parapatric). Walker et al. (1996) proposed synonymizing the races juniperus and llanurus. Collins (1997), presented the conclusions of Wright & Lowe (199) and Walker et al. (1997) to lizard systematist group, composed of Robert Bezy, Charles J. Cole, Darrel Arnold Kluge, Jimmy McGuire, Richard Montanucci, Robert Powell, and John Wiens, and the majority of those individuals responding recommended juniperus and llanurus not be recognized, and that arizonae, gypsi, and pai all be considered distinct species. Collins (1997) followed those recommendations. [from:] 
EtymologyApparently named after the Pai Native Americans and their language. 
  • Barley, Anthony J.; Tod W. Reeder, Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca, Charles J. Cole, Robert C. Thomson 2021. A new diploid parthenogenetic whiptail lizard from Sonora, Mexico is the ‘missing link’ in the evolutionary transition to polyploidy. American Naturalist 198 (2): 295-309 - get paper here
  • Bezy, Robert L. and Charles J. Cole 2014. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Madrean Archipelago of Arizona and New Mexico. American Museum Novitates (3810): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Collins J T 1997. Standard Common and current scientific names for North American amphibians and reptiles, 4th edition. Herpetological Circular 25: 1-40
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Walker, James M.; Brian K. Sullivan, Keith O. Sullivan, Marlis R. Douglas, and Michael E. Douglas 2012. Evolutionary, Ecological, and Morphological Distinctiveness of an Endemic Arizona Lizard, Pai Striped Whiptail (Aspidoscelis pai). Herp. Cons. Biology 7 (3): - get paper here
  • Walker, James M.Cordes, James E.Mendoza Quijano, Fernando Hernandez Garcia, Efrain 1996. Implications of extraordinary variation in the little striped whiptail lizard, Cnemidophorus inornatus Baird (Sauria: Teiidae) in Chihuahua, México. Journal of Herpetology 30 (2): 271-275 - get paper here
  • Wright,J.W. & Lowe,C.H. 1993. Synopsis of the subspecies of the little striped whiptail lizard, Cnemidophorus inornatus BAIRD. J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 27: 129-157 - get paper here
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