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Aspidoscelis xanthonotus (DUELLMAN & LOWE, 1953)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Red-backed Whiptail
S: Huico Manchado Dorsorojo 
SynonymCnemidophorus sacki xanthonotus DUELLMAN & LOWE 1953
Cnemidophorus burti xanthonotus — DUELLMAN & ZWEIFEL 1962
Cnemidophorus burti xanthonotus — STEBBINS 1985: 153
Cnemidophorus burti xanthonotus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus xanthonotus — CROTHER 2000
Aspidoscelis burti xanthonota — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis xanthonota — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Aspidoscelis xanthonota — ENDERSON et al. 2009
Aspidoscelis xanthonota — CROTHER et al. 2012
Aspidoscelis xanthonota — LEMOS-ESPINAL 2015
Aspidoscelis xanthonota — CROTHER et al. 2017
Aspidoscelis burti xanthonotus — BARLEY et al. 2021 
DistributionUSA (Arizona: Ajo Mountains, Pima County to the Sierra Estrella near Phoenix, Maricopa County)
Mexico (Sonora)

Type locality: Arizona, Pima, north fork Alamo Canyon, Ajo Mts., ca. 30.6 km N international boundary, in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 105426; paratypes: UMMZ, MVZ, UAZ 
EtymologyNamed after Greek xanthos = orange or yellow and Greek notos = back, in reference to its dorsal color pattern. 
  • Barley, Anthony J.; Tod W. Reeder, Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca, Charles J. Cole, Robert C. Thomson 2021. A new diploid parthenogenetic whiptail lizard from Sonora, Mexico is the ‘missing link’ in the evolutionary transition to polyploidy. American Naturalist 198 (2): 295-309 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Duellman, W. E., & ZWEIFEL, R. G. 1962. A synopsis of the lizards of the sexlineatus group (genus Cnemidophorus). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 123: 155-210. - get paper here
  • Duellman, William E. & Lowe, Charles H., Jr. 1953. A new lizard of the genus Cnemidophorus from Arizona. Natural History Miscellanea, Chicago Acad. Sci. (120): 1-8
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Adrian Quijada-Mascareñas; Dale S. Turner; Philip C. Rosen & Robert L. Bezy 2009. The herpetofauna of Sonora, Mexico, with comparisons to adjoining states. Check List 5 (3): 632–672 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. (ed.) 2015. Amphibians and Reptiles of the US - Mexico Border States / Anfibios y Reptiles de los Estados de la Frontera México - Estados Unidos. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas. x + 614 pp.; ISBN 978-1-62349-306-6. - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron 2016. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84 - get paper here
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