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Bachia micromela RODRIGUES, PAVAN & CURCIO, 2007

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae, Bachiinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesPortuguese: Lagarto-Ápodo, Lagarto-sem-Pata 
SynonymBachia micromela RODRIGUES, PAVAN & CURCIO 2007 
DistributionC Brazil (Tocantins)

Type locality: ‘‘Fazenda Marupiara’’ (08°38’28’’S, 48°25’24’’W), municipality of Guaraí, state of Tocantins, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 91317, an adult male, collected by D. Pavan and F. Curcio between 19 to 29 October 2001, field number MRT 07123. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A species of the bresslaui group having imbricate and lanceolate dorsal and lateral body scales, quadrangular and juxtaposed smooth ventrals except those near the vent, which are keeled; scales on tail lanceolate, imbricate, keeled; 2-2 femoral pores and 1-1 preanal pores in the male, interparietal, supraoculars and superciliaries present, 47–49 dorsals, 35–37 ventrals, and 38–40 scales around mid-body. Snout slightly prominent, projecting over lower jaw. Forelimbs ending with one apical scale, hind limb with two. Fifth supralabial contacting parietal, sixth separated from it. More than four temporal scales. Three or four elongate scales in the central part of interbrachial region. Second supraocular small, restricted to the lateral face of head, allowing extensive contact between parietal and first supraocular. First supraocular narrow, its greatest width less than one-third the size of anterior margin of frontal. Bachia micromela can be immediately distinguished from B. panoplia and B. pyburni by the absence of prefrontals, which are present and in broad contact at midline in both latter species. Prefrontals are also present in B. scolecoides but widely separated and reduced in size. Prefrontals are absent in B. bresslaui, B. cacerensis, and B. psamophila. The postocular of B. micromela is very small, and the fifth supralabial contacts parietal; there is no contact between the parietal and the sixth supralabial. In B. psamophila, the fifth supralabial is separated from parietal by an elongate and enlarged postocular, almost as large as the fifth supralabial; the sixth supralabial is the largest one and contacts the parietal. In B. bresslaui, B. scolecoides, B. panoplia, and B. pyburni, there is no contact between the supralabials and the parietal, and in only one of the three known specimens of B. cacerensis is there slight contact between the parietal and the sixth supralabial. Bachia micromela differs from B. cacerensis by having one distinctive unclawed apical scale on the forelimb (four in B. cacerensis) and two apical scales on the hind limb (only one in B. cacerensis). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific name derives from the Greek ‘‘melos’’ (limb) and micro (small) and refers to the small limbs of this species. 
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T.; Pavan, D. & Curcio, F. 2007. Two New Species of Lizards of The Genus Bachia (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from Central Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 41 (4): 545-553 - get paper here
  • RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAUT; AGUSTÍN CAMACHO, PEDRO MURILO SALES NUNES, RENATO SOUSA RECODER, MAURO TEIXEIRA JR., PAULA H. VALDUJO, JOSÉ MÁRIO B. GHELLERE, TAMÍ MOTT & CRISTIANO NOGUEIRA 2008. A new species of the lizard genus Bachia (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Cerrados of Central Brazil. Zootaxa 1875: 39–50 - get paper here
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