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Bachia trisanale (COPE, 1868)

IUCN Red List - Bachia trisanale - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae, Bachiinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesBachia trisanale trisanale (COPE 1868)
Bachia trisanale abendrothi (PETERS 1871)
Bachia trisanale vermiformis (COPE 1874) 
Common NamesE: Stacy's Bachia 
SynonymOphiognomon trisanale COPE 1868: 100
Chalcides (Hapalolepis) abendrothi PETERS 1871: 399
Ophiognomon abendrothi — BOULENGER 1885: 421
Ophiognomon trisanale — PROCTER 1921: 189
Bachia trisanale — DIXON 1973: 29
Bachia trisanale trisanale — DUELLMAN 1978: 213
Bachia trisanale — PRESCH 1978
Bachia abendrothii — BAUER & GÜNTHER 1994
Bachia abendrothii — BAUER et al. 1995
Bachia trisanale — LEHR 2002: 74

Bachia trisanale abendrothi (PETERS 1871)
Chalcides abendrothi PETERS 1871: 399
Bachia trisanale abendrothi — TEXEIRA et al. 2013

Bachia trisanale vermiformis (COPE 1874)
Propus vermiformis COPE 1874: 70
Ophiognomon vermiforme — BOULENGER 1885: 421
Bachia vermiforne — DIXON & SOINI 1975: 6 (in error)
Bachia vermiformis — GRAHAM 2000 
DistributionE Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
S Colombia, W Brazil

Type locality: Ecuador, Napo or upper Marañon.
Type locality: “Sarayacu” [Ecuador] [abendrothi]
Type locality: Peru, Nauta, Peruvian Amazon [vermiformis]  
TypesHolotype: ANSP 9637, USNM 6637 (lost)
Syntypes: ZMB 7132, 7133, 7134 [abendrothi]
Holotype: ANSP 11353 [vermiformis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Dixon 1973: 29

Coloration: Dixon 1973: 31 
CommentSynonymy: Propus vermiformis COPE 1874 and C. abendrothi were considered synonyms of B. trisanale by Dixon 1973: 29. However, Dixon & Soini 1975 treated vermiformis as a subspecies of B. trisanale. Apparently vermiformis is only known from its type according to Dixon 1973, so it is likely to be a synonym of trisanale and may represent an aberrant form of it.

Distribution: see map in TEXEIRA et al. 2013: 412.

Type species: Ophiognomon trisanale COPE 1868: 100 is the type species of the genus Ophiognomon COPE 1868, now a synonym of Bachia (see Dixon 1973: 14). Chalcides (Hapalolepis) abendrothi PETERS 1871 is the type species of the (sub-) genus Hapalolepis PETERS 1871: 399. Propus vermiformis COPE 1874: 70 is the type species of the genus Propus COPE 1874: 70 (preoccupied by Propus Oken 1816). 
  • Bauer, A.M. and R. Günther 1994. An annotated type catalogue of the teiid and microteiid lizards in the Zoological Museum, Berlin (Reptilia: Squamata: Teiidae and Gymnophthalmidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70:267-280 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotropica 13 (4): 269-283
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1874. Description of some species of reptiles obtained by Dr. John F. Bransford, Assistant Surgeon United States Navy, while attached to the Nicaraguan surveying Expedition in 1873. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 26: 64-72 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazónico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Graham, D.L. 2000. Annotated list of reptiles and amphibians recorded from the Rio Orosa and surrounding areas, Department of Loreto, Peru.
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy, A. W. E. 1873. Herpetological notes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 12: 44-48 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1871. Über eine von Hrn. Dr. Robert Abendroth in dem Hochlande von Peru gemachte Sammlung von Amphibien, welche derselbe dem Königl. zoologischen Museum geschenkt hat. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1871 (August): 397-404 - get paper here
  • Presch, W. 1978. Descriptions of the Hemipenial Morphology in Eight Species of Microteiid Lizards (Family Teiidae, Subfamily Gymnophthalminae) Herpetologica 34 (1): 108-112. - get paper here
  • Rabosky, Daniel L.; Rudolf von May, Michael C. Grundler and Alison R. Davis Rabosky 2019. The Western Amazonian Richness Gradient for Squamate Reptiles: Are There Really Fewer Snakes and Lizards in Southwestern Amazonian Lowlands? Diversity 11: 199; doi:10.3390/d11100199 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. & SILVANA AMARAL 2017. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae. Zootaxa 4269 (2): 151-196 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A.; Marcélia B. da Silva, and Jucivaldo D. Lima 2016. A New Species of Bachia Gray 1845 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Eastern Guiana Shield. Herpetologica 72 (2): 148-156. - get paper here
  • TEIXEIRA; MAURO, JR; FRANCISCO DAL VECHIO, PEDRO M. SALES-NUNES, ANTONIO MOLLO NETO, LUCIANA MOREIRA LOBO, LUIS FERNANDO STORTI, RENATO AUGUSTO JUNQUEIRA GAIGA, PEDRO HENRIQUE FREIRE DIAS, MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2013. A new species of Bachia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the western Brazilian Amazonia. Zootaxa 3636 (3): 401–420 [erratum in Zootaxa 3646: 200] - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Whithworth, A. & Beirne, C. 2011. Reptiles of the Yachana Reserve. Global Vision International, 130 pp. - get paper here
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