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Barisia ciliaris (SMITH, 1942)

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Sierra Alligator Lizard, Imbricate Alligator Lizard
S: Escorpión de Montaña 
SynonymGerrhonotus levicollis ciliaris SMITH 1942: 365
Barisia imbricata ciliaris — TIHEN 1949: 244
Gerrhonotus levicollis ciliaris — LAURENT 1949: 3
Barisia imbricata ciliaris — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 202
Gerrhonotus imbricatus ciliaris — WERMUTH 1969: 18
Barisia imbricata ciliaris — GUILLETTE & SMITH 1982: 24
Barisia imbricata ciliaris — WEBB 1984
Barisia ciliaris — SMITH et al. 2002
Barisia ciliaris — VÁSQUEZ-DIAZ & QUINTERO-DIAZ 2005
Barisia ciliaris — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Barisia imbricata ciliaris — BRYSON et al. 2011
Barisia ciliaris — CRUZ-SÁENZ et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (S Coahuila, Zacatecas, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Durango, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Sinaloa, Chihuahua [HR 31: 112], Jalisco, Aguascalientes, Querétaro).

Type locality: Sierra Guadelupe, Coahuila.  
Reproductionviviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 47496 
CommentBarisia ciliaris nests within B. imbricata, so that it needs to be either synonymized with B. imbricata or some populations of imbricata separated as new species. See Bryson et al. 2011 for a discussion (these authors do not make explicit taxonomic recommendations though).

Distribution: Not in Guanajuato fide Leyte-Manrique et al. 2022. 
EtymologyThe specific name was derived from the Latin word ciliaris, meaning "pertaining to the eyelid," in reference to the multiple superciliaries (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). 
  • Bryson Jr, R.W. & Riddle, B.R. 2011. Tracing the origins of widespread highland species: a case of Neogene diversification across the Mexican sierras in an endemic lizard. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 105: 382–394 [2012, published online 2011] - get paper here
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A. and Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz 2016. The Herpetofauna of Aguascalientes, México. Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 2(1):
  • Cruz-Elizalde R, Ramírez-Bautista A, Pineda-López R, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Rocha A, Fucsko LA, Wilson LD. 2022. The herpetofauna of Querétaro, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(1) [General Section]: 148–192 (e308) - get paper here
  • Cruz-Sáenz, D., F. J. Muñoz-Nolasco, V. Mata-Silva, J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Jalisco, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 23–118 - get paper here
  • Fugler, Charles M.;Webb, Robert G. 1956. Distributional notes on some reptiles and amphibians from southern and central Coahuila. Herpetologica 12: 167-171 - get paper here
  • Guillette, L.J. Jr. & SMith, H.M. 1982. A review of the Mexican lizard Barisia imbricata, and the description of a new subspecies. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 85: 13-33 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Laurent, R. 1949. Note sur quelques reptiles appartenant à la collection de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. III. Formes americaines. Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, Bruxelles, 25 (9): 1-20 [4]
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sinaloa, Mexico with a conservation status summary and comparisons with neighboring states. ZooKeys 931: 85-114 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A., H.M. Smith & D. Chiszar 2006. Pattern in Barisia ciliaris (Reptilia: Lacertilia) in Northeastern Mexico Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 42(4): 179-180. - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Pavón-Vázquez, C. J., et al. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Barisia ciliaris (Northern Alligator Lizard). Herpetological Review 48 (2): 388 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M., Theresa M. Burg and David Chiszar 2002. Evolutionary speciation in the alligator lizards of the genus Barisia. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 38(1): 23-26 - get paper here
  • Tepos-Ramírez M, Garduño-Fonseca FS, Peralta-Robles CA, García-Rubio OR, Cervantes Jiménez R 2023. Annotated checklist of amphibians and reptiles from Querétaro, Mexico, including new records, and comments on controversial species. Check List 19(2): 269-292 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Tihen, Joe A. 1949. A review of the lizard genus Barisia. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (3): 217-254 - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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