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Batagur dhongoka (GRAY, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Batagur dhongoka - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Three-striped Roofed Turtle, Dhond Roofed Turtle
G: Dreistreifen-Flussschildkröte 
SynonymEmys dhongoka GRAY 1834
Emys Duvaucelii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 334
Kachuga hardwickii GRAY 1869
Batagur dhongoka — MURRAY 1886: 9
Kachuga dhongoka — BOULENGER 1889
Kachuga dhongoka — SWAN & LEVITON 1962: 109
Kachuga dhongoka — DAS 1996: 38
Batagur dhongoka — LE et al. 2007
Kachuga dhongoka — ROHILLA & TIWARI 2008
Kachuga dhongoka — MURTHY 2010: 23
Kachuga dhongoka — LENZ 2012
Batagur dhongoka — TTWG 2021 
DistributionNepal, Bangladesh, NE India (Assam, Ganges and Brahmaputra drainages)

Type locality: Unstated; restricted by Smith 1931:130, to "N. India."  
TypesHolotype: unlocated fide Iverson 1992: 131 
CommentSynonymy: partly after RHODIN et al. 2010.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein).

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers and tributaries, estuaries) 
  • Barhadiya, Gaurav; Aisha Sultana, Mohammad Shah Hussain 2020. First Record of the Critically Endangered Three-striped Roofed Turtle, Batagur dhongoka (Gray 1834), from the Yamuna River, Delhi, India. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (2): 220-221 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray. J. E. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. Vol. 2. London (1833-1834): 263 pp., 95 plates - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Le, Minh; William P. McCord and John B. Iverson 2007. On the paraphyly of the genus Kachuga (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 398-404 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Murray, James A. 1886. The reptiles of Sind : a systematic account, with descriptions of all the species inhabiting the province, and a table of their geographical distribution in Persia, Beloochistan, Afghanistan, Punjab, North-west Provinces and the peninsula of India ge London : Richardson & Co - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • PURKAYASTHA, J., DAS, I., SENGUPTA, S. 2015. Freshwater Turtles & Tortoises of South Asia. Bhabani Books, 138 pp. - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Basumatary, Nilakshi Sarma, Nishant Chatterjee, Sachin Singha, Vishnupriya Nair, Arundhati Purkayastha, Jayashree Dutta, Madhurima Das 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Rohilla, Manoj S.; Tiwari, Pramod K. 2008. Restriction fragment length polymorphism of mitochondrial DNA and phylogenetic relationships among five species of Indian freshwater turtles. Journal of Applied Genetics 49(2):167-182 - get paper here
  • Sirsi, Shashwat; Shailendra Singh, Ashutosh Tripathi, Shawn F. McCracken, Michael R.J. Forstner, and Brian D. Horne 2017. Variation in Reproductive Output of the Red-crowned Roofed Turtle (Batagur kachuga) and the Three-striped Roofed Turtle (Batagur dhongoka) in the Chambal River of North India. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2017, Vol. 16, No. 2: 203-214. - get paper here
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp. - get paper here
  • Swan, L.W., & Leviton, A.E. 1962. The herpetology of Nepal: a history, check list, and zoogeographical analysis of the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 32 (6) (4.s.): 103-147. - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mitchell, J.C. 1995. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 172-180 - get paper here
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