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Bofa erlangeri (STERNFELD, 1908)

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Ethiopian forest snake 
SynonymBoodon erlangeri STERNFELD 1908: 92
Boaedon erlangeri (WERNER 1923, in error) — MEIRTE 1992: 105
Lamprophis erlangeri — NECAS 1997
Lamprophis erlangeri — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 467
Lamprophis erlangeri — KELLY et al. 2011
Boaedon erlangeri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 95
Bofa erlangeri — TIUTENKO et al. 2022
Lamprophis erlangeri — SPAWLS et al. 2023 

Type locality: "Somaliland", restricted to “Abera”, ca. 6°27’ N 38°26’ E by Tiutenko et al. 2022.  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 27419 (C. von Erlanger and O. Neumann). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): “Body markedly elongated, slender, cylindric. Tail short, representing ca. 12–15% of the to- tal length. Head narrow, elongated, scarcely distinct from neck. Snout blunt, square-shaped. Rostral rather large, ap- proximately as high as broad, well visible from below and above. Nasal divided. Eye medium-sized, with circular pupil. One preocular, two postoculars. Gular scales large and pairwise symmetrically arranged between posterior chinshields and first ventral shield. Anterior chinshields much larger than posterior. Loreal single, rectangular, hor- izontally elongate, with no pit. No labial pits. Body scales smooth, shiny, without apical pits. Subcaudals paired. Anal entire. Five to six strongly enlarged and gradually decreas- ing in size anterior maxillary teeth, followed by smaller evenly distributed posterior teeth. No diastema. Five ante-
rior mandibular teeth strongly enlarged.” (Tiutenko et al. 2022) 
CommentType species: Boodon erlangeri STERNFELD 1908: 92 is the type species of the genus Bofa TIUTENKO et al. 2022.

Distribution: for a map of the genus see Tiutenko et al. 2022: 258 (Fig. 12). 
EtymologyNamed after Baron Carlo von Erlanger (1872-1904), a German collector who traveled in the Tunisian Sahara (1893 and 1897), Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Somaliland (1900-1901). He was accompanied for part of the time by O. R. Neumann.

The genus name is a latinised noun, ‘Bofa’, after the Oromo language where it means ‘snake’. Tiutenko et al. 2022 have chosen this name for the new genus because much of its currently known range is in the areas where this language is spoken. In Afaan Oromo ‘bofa’ has both genders. We adapt this word to Latin grammar as a noun of feminine gender and 1st declension because in Latin most nouns ending with ‘-a’ are feminine. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Kelly, Christopher M.R.; William R. Branch, Donald G. Broadley, Nigel P. Barker, Martin H. Villet 2011. Molecular systematics of the African snake family Lamprophiidae Fitzinger, 1843 (Serpentes: Elapoidea), with particular focus on the genera Lamprophis Fitzinger 1843 and Mehelya Csiki 1903. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 58(3): 415-426 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Meirte, D. 1992. Clés de détermination des serpents d'Afrique. Museum Royal d'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren Belgique Annual Series Octavo Science Zoologique 267:1-152
  • Necas, P. et al. 1993. Nachtrag zur Biologie zweier seltener Schlangenarten aus Äthiopien: Bitis parviocula Böhme, 1977 und Pseudoboodon boehmei Rasmussen & Largen, 1992, mit Bemerkungen zur Wiederentdeckung von Lamprophis erlangeri (Sternfeld, 1908). Herpetofauna 15 (87): 17-20 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1997. Five endemic montane snakes from Ethiopia. REPTILE & AMPHIBIAN MAGAZINE 49: 58-65
  • Stephen Spawls; Tomáš Mazuch& Abubakr Mohammad 2023. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of North-east Africa. Bloomsbury, 640 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1908. Neue und ungenügend bekannte afrikanische Schlangen. S. Ber. Ges. naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 4: 92-95 - get paper here
  • Tiutenko, A., Koch, C., Pabijan, M., & Zinenko, O. 2022. Generic affinities of African house snakes revised: a new genus for Boodon erlangeri (Serpentes: Elapoidea: Lamprophiidae: Lamprophiinae). SALAMANDRA, 58(4), 235-262 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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