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Boiga flaviviridis VOGEL & GANESH, 2013

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Yellow-green cat snake 
SynonymBoiga flaviviridis VOGEL & GANESH 2013
Boiga flavivirirdis — GANESH et al. 2018 (in error)
Boiga flavivirirdis — GANESH & GUPTHA 2021 (in error) 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal: from Berhampore near the River Mahanadi in the northeast to Kaigal near the southern Eastern Ghats in the southwest, Tamil Nadu, Chattisgarh, Odisha)

Type locality: Berhampore, state of Orissa (Odisha), India (Fig. 1), 19°18’57’’ N 84°47’38’’E, 31m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1911.9.8.4, female (ventral tail base dissected), presented by Major Frank Wall in 1911.
Paratype. MAD 1913 an adult female (tail base examined) labeled as “Dendrophis pictus” from Udayagiri, Nellore [district], state of Andhra Pradesh, India, 14°52’30’’N, 79°17’52’’E, 195 m elevation, collector unknown. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: 19 dorsal scale rows at midbody, a high number of ventral scales for the genus Boiga (248–259), a yellowish-green dorsal colouration with numerous faint black bands, an uniform, unpatterned yellow-coloured venter and a relatively short tail (0.180–0.200 of the total length).

Diagnosis. A medium sized species of the genus Boiga characterized by: (1) 19 dorsal scale rows around the forepart of the body and 19 dorsal scale rows at midbody; (2) 248–259 ventrals; (3) 106–109 subcaudals in females; (4) a single anal scale; (5) 8 (rarely 9) supralabials with SL 3–5 touching the orbit; (6) preocular reaching upper surface of the head; (7) 2 temporals in the first row, 3 temporals in the second row with a total of 4 rows of temporal scales; (8) a yellowish-green dorsal ground colour; (9) more than 90 faint, hardly visible dark bands; (10) the dorsal part of the head with only faint ornamentations; (11) a postocular stripe ending at the jaw angle; (12) an uniform venter with no speckles or lines (13) relative tail length in females from 0.180 to 0.200.
The new species can easily be recognized by the combination of high number of ventral scales together with the colouration especially the uniform belly and a proportionately shorter tail than in other species of this group, see Table 1 in VOGEL & GANESH 2013. 
CommentHabitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThe new species is named flaviviridis [flavus = yellow and viridis = green in Latin] as an adjective, after its diagnostic in-life colouration that easily serves to identify this species. 
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Choure, Girish; Aakansha Komanduri, Pallavi Choure, Hmar Tlawmte Lalremsanga 2021. First record of the Yellow-green Cat Snake, Boiga flaviviridis Vogel & Ganesh, 2013 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae) from Telangana, India. Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (2): 238-239
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity, 3(3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • GANESH, S., MALLIK, A. K., ACHYUTHAN, N., SHANKER, K., & VOGEL, G. 2021. A new species of Boiga (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the Southern Western Ghats of India with a molecular phylogeny and expanded characterisation of related species. Zootaxa 4981(3): 449-468 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; A. Kalaimani, P. Karthik, N. Baskaran, R. Nagarajan & S.R.Chandramouli 2018. Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India – II From Western Ghats to Coromandel Coast. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2018. Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 28-45 - get paper here
  • GANESH, S.R.; N.S. ACHYUTHAN, S.R. CHANDRAMOULI & GERNOT VOGEL, 2020. Taxonomic revision of the Boiga ceylonensis group (Serpentes: Colubridae): re-examination of type specimens, redefinition of nominate taxa and an updated key. Zootaxa 4779 (3): 301–332 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Kalki, Yatin; Chayant Gonsalves , Daniel B. Wylie , Karthik A. K. Sundaram and Tristan D. Schramer 2021. Annotated checklist of the snakes of Bengaluru Urban District, Karnataka, India with notes on their natural history, distribution, and population trends over the last 150 years. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (2): 26-41 - get paper here
  • Khandal, Dharmendra, Sachin Rai and Vivek Sharma. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Boiga flaviviridis (Yellow-green Cat Snake). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 82 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2014. Liste der im Jahr 2013 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
  • Sharma, Vivek, Roheet Karoo and Umesh Zire. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Boiga flaviviridis (Yellow-green Cat Snake). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 82 - get paper here
  • VOGEL, GERNOT & S.R. GANESH 2013. A new species of cat snake (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae: Boiga) from dry forests of eastern Peninsular India. Zootaxa 3637 (2): 158–168 - get paper here
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