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Boiga gocool (GRAY, 1834)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Arrowback Tree Snake
G: Gokool-Nachtbaumnatter 
SynonymDipsus gocool GRAY 1834: 83
Dipsadomorphus trigonatus var. A. Dipsas gokool — GÜNTHER 1858:175
Dipsas gokool — GÜNTHER 1864: 313 (nomen emend.)
Dipsas gokool — BOULENGER 1890: 360
Dipsadomorphus gokool — BOULENGER 1896: 64
Boiga gokool SHAW and SHEBBEARE 1930: 56
Boiga gokool — SMITH 1943: 351
Boiga gokool — DAS 1996: 54
Boiga gokool — WHITAKER & CAPTAIN 2004
Boiga gocool — WALLACH et al. 2014: 104 
DistributionBangladesh, India (Assam, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, West Bengal, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura), Bhutan

Type locality: “Bengal” [= Bangladesh and NE India]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.2.59 
CommentDistribution: Reports from Bihar are Boiga forsteni. Has been reported from Bhutan and Myanmar but without any reliabe records.

Similar species: Has been confused with Boiga trigonata and Boiga forsteni.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Choure, Girish; Prateek Kashyap, Shubham Adhikari, Hmar Tlawmte Lalremsanga 2020. First Record of the Arrowback Tree Snake, Boiga gocool (Gray 1835) (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), from Uttar Pradesh, India. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (3): 436-437 - get paper here
  • Das, Abhijit 2016. Addition to the Herpetofauna of Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan, with six new country records. Herpetology Notes 9: 261-278 - get paper here
  • Das, Abhijit; Pratyush P. Mohapatra,, Jayaditya Purkayastha, Saibal Sengupta, Sushil K. Dutta, M. Firoz Ahmed, and Frank Tillack 2010. A CONTRIBUTION TO Boiga gokool (GRAY, 1835) (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA: COLUBRIDAE). Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (3): 161 – 178 - get paper here
  • Gray. J. E. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. Vol. 2. London (1833-1834): 263 pp., 95 plates - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Mohalik, R. K., Mohapatra, P. P., Mardaraj, P., Sahoo, S., Bhilala, A. K., Kar, N. B., & Dutta, S. K 2020. First record of Boiga gokool (Gray, 1835)(Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae) from Northern Odisha with notes on morphology and natural history. Rec. zool. Surv. India 120(2): 189–192
  • Nath, S., Singh, B., Debnath, C., & Majumder, J. 2021. First record of the Eastern Cat Snake Boiga gocool (Gray, 1835)(Squamata: Colubridae) from Tripura, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13(11), 19652-19656 - get paper here
  • Orlov, Nikolai L. and Sergei A. Ryabov 2002. A new species of the genus Boiga (Serpentes, Colubridae, Colubrinae) from Tanahjampea Island and description of "black form" of Boiga cynodon Complex from Sumatra (Indonesia). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (1): 33-56 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, J. 2018. Urban biodiversity: an insight into the terrestrial vertebrate diversity of Guwahati, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(10): 12299–12316; - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Madhurima Das, and Saibal Sengupta 2011. Urban herpetofauna: a case study in Guwahati City of Assam, India. Herpetology Notes 4: 195-202 - get paper here
  • Rahman, Shahriar Caesar;,, S.M.A. Rashid, Kanai Das, Luca Luiselli,∗ 2013. Composition and structure of a snake assemblage in an altered tropical forest-plantation mosaic in Bangladesh. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (3): 41-50 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • SHETH, Chintan & Aamod ZAMBRE 2012. Ein neuer Nachweis von Boiga gokool (GRAY, 1835) (Reptilia: Colubridae) aus dem Westen von Arunachal Pradesh, Indien. Sauria 34 (3): 51–54 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
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