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Brachyorrhos wallacei MURPHY, MUMPUNI, DE LANG, GOWER & SANDERS, 2012

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Halmahera Short-tailed Snake 
SynonymBrachyorrhos wallacei MURPHY, MUMPUNI, DE LANG, GOWER & SANDERS 2012
Brachyorrhos albus BOULENGER 1893: 305
Brachyorrhos albus SETIADI & HAMIDY 2006: 38
Brachyorrhos wallacei — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 7
Brachyorrhos wallacei — WALLACH et al. 2014: 124 
DistributionIndonesia (Halmahera)

Type locality: Jailolo, Halmahera  
TypesHolotype: MZB 3463 an adult female with a total length of 722 mm. This new species is based on 10 adults from the island of Halmahera (Jailolo – MZB 3464, MZB 3462; Jailolo, Kampung PasirPatih – USNM 237145–150; Sidangoli – MZB 2111; Weda Bay Mines – MZB 4487.) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Usually lacks preocular, usually seven (rarely six) upper labials, tallest is sixth (rarely fifth). This snake is quite similar to B. raffrayi, which has upper labial three in the orbit and the third is the tallest. Specimens of B. wallacei usually have the fourth upper labial (rarely 3+4) in the orbit, and the fifth is the tallest. Mitochondrial DNA data show that B. raffrayi and B. wallacei are separated by a deep molecular divergence despite their morphological similarity (MURPHY & VORIS 2014).

Comparisons: Murphy & Voris 2020 present a table of characters across the species of Brachyorrhos. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Alfred Russell Wallace for his contributions to the natural history of Halmahera. 
  • Glässer-Trobisch, Andrea & Dietmar Trobisch 2021. Begegnungen mit Hydrosaurus & Co. in der Wallacea. Teil 3: Drachen im Vogelparadies – Halmahera. Sauria 43 (3): 23-46
  • Lang, Ruud de 2013. The snakes of the Moluccas (Maluku), Indonesia. Edition Chimaira, 417 pp. - get paper here
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C.; Mumpuni, Ruud de Lang, David J. Gower and Kate L. Sanders 2012. The Moluccan short-tailed snakes of the genus Brachyorrhos Kuhl (Squamata: Serpentes: Homalopsidae), and the status of Calamophis Meyer. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60 (2): 501-514 - get paper here
  • Setiadi, M. I. & A. Hamidy, 2006. Jenis-Jenis Herpetofauna di Pulau Halmahera. Kerjasama antara Pusat Studi Biodiversitas dan Konservasi Universitas Indonesia dan Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Puslit Biologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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