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Brachyurophis campbelli (KINGHORN, 1929)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Nameswoodjonesii: Cape York Shovel-nosed Snake 
SynonymRhynchoelaps campbelli KINGHORN 1929: 191
Rhynchelaps wood-jonesii THOMSON 1934: 529
Brachyurophis wood-jonesii — WORRELL 1963
Brachyurophis wood-jonesi — WORRELL 1970
Brachyurophis woodjonesii — MINTON et al. 1970
Brachyurophis campbelli MINTON et al. 1970
Simoselaps semifasciatus campbelli — COGGER 1986
Simoselaps semifasciatus woodjonesi — WILSON & KNOWLES 1988
Simoselaps semifasciatus woodjonesii — GOLAY 1993
Simoselaps semifasciatus campbelli — GOLAY 1993
Brachyurophis campbelli — COGGER 2014: 866 
DistributionAustralia (NE Queensland)

Type locality: Almaden, Queensland

woodjonesii: Australia (N Queensland); Type locality: Lower Archer River, Gulf of Carpentaria  
TypesHolotype: AMS R9387, collected in Dec 1928.
Holotype: NMV (D. F. Thomson Coll. No. 69) [woodjonesii] 
DiagnosisOriginal description: “Snout prominent, shovel-shaped, obtusely pointed from above, the lateral edges very sharp. RostraI broader than deep, its upper portion forming an acute angle posteriorly, which is wedged deeply hetween the internasals: it is as long as its distance from the frontal. Internasals broader than deep, a little smaller than the prefrontals. which are also broader than deep. Frontal shorter than its distance from the end of the snout, shorter than the parietals but longer than the suture between those shields. It is more than three times as wide as the supraoculars, which are yery small. The nasal is semi-divided, the division being from the nostril to the lower half of the shield. There are five upper labials, the third and fourth entering the eye; two postoculars: one preocular; temporals 1 + 1.There is a small shield wedged between the fourth and fifth labial and the lower postocular, but it does not reach to the lip. Three lower labials are in contact with the anterior chin-shield, which is about as large as the posterior.
Ventrals 153; subcaudals 18 pairs; scales 17 rows; anal divided. Total length 140 mm.” (Kinghorn 1929) 

Synonymy: Listed as synonym of B. semifasciatus by Wilson et al. 2013.

Habitat: burrowing 
EtymologyNamed after the collector of the type, Mr. W.D. Campbell. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., Minton, S.A., Jr., & Russell, F.E., eds. 1970. Poisonous snakes of the world; a manual for use by the U.S. Amphibious Forces. rev.ed U.S. Bureau of Medicine & Surgery, Wash., D.C 212 pp.
  • Golay,P, H.M. SMITH, D.G. BROADLEY, J. R. DIXON, C., MCCARTHY, J. C. RAGE, B. SCHÀTTI & M.TORIBA 1993. Endoglyphs and other major venomous snakes of the world. A checklist. [type catalogue] Aire-Genève, Azemiops S. A. Herpetological Data Center: i-xv + 1-478.
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1929. Two new snakes from Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (4): 190 - 191 - get paper here
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