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Bradypodion ngomeense TILBURY & TOLLEY, 2009

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ngome Dwarf Chameleon 
SynonymBradypodion ngomeense TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Bradypodion ngomeense — TILBURY 2010: 282
Bradypodion ngomeense — CONRADIE et al. 2019 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)

Type locality: Ngome Forest, KZN 27° 49’S, 31° 25’ E.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: PEM R 16621, an adult male collected by Devi Stuart-Fox and Adnan Moussalli on 6th January 2004. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderately large-bodied, long-tailed species of the genus Bradypodion demonstrating the characteristics of the genus (Tilbury et al. 2006). This species differs from its various congeners in the following respects: the adults have a relatively tall casque angled at (usually) over 30 degrees or more to the supra-orbital line in keeping with 6 other South African species - viz: B. damaranum (Boulenger 1887), B. dracomontanum Raw 1976, some B. ventrale (Gray 1845), B. thamnobates Raw 1976, B. transvaalense (Fitzsimons 1930) and B. nemorale Raw, 1978 (Qudeni ecomorph). It differs from B. ventrale which has a tail that is less than 50% of its snout /vent length; from B. thamnobates which has prominent enlarged plate-like flank tubercles; from B. damaranum which has areas of “naked” interstitium around the axilla and along the anterior para-vertebral zone; from B. nemorale which has a relatively much reduced gular crest, and a dorsal crest of cones larger than the diameter of the eye-opening; and from B. transvaalense (sensu stricta) where most adult specimens usually have dorsal cones larger than the eye opening and in which the superior temporal zone is pale coloured and the black mid-temporal stripe continues uninterrupted over the upper and mid flank (Figure 3 in Tilbury & Tolley 2009). 
CommentThis chameleon was initially considered to represent a further population of the polymorphic B. transvaalense

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, & GILLIAN WATSON 2019. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 2: Reptiles (Squamata). Zootaxa 4576 (1): 001–045 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • TILBURY, COLIN R. & KRYSTAL A. TOLLEY 2009. A new species of dwarf chameleon (Sauria; Chamaeleonidae, Bradypodion Fitzinger) from KwaZulu Natal South Africa with notes on recent climatic shifts and their influence on speciation in the genus. Zootaxa 2226: 43-57 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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