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Bronchocela shenlong GRISMER, WOOD, LEE, QUAH, ANUAR, NGADI & SITES, 2015

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymBronchocela shenlong GRISMER, WOOD, LEE, QUAH, ANUAR, NGADI & SITES 2015
Bronchocela cristatella — DIONG & LIM 1998: 347
Bronchocela cristatella — GRISMER et al. 2010: 149
Bronchocela cristatella — GRISMER 2011: 141
Bronchocela shenlong — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionPeninsular Malaysia (Bukit Larut, Perak, Parit Falls, Cameron Highlands, Pahang in the Titiwangsa Mountain Range

Type locality: Bukit Larut, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia (04°51.715 N, 100°47.933 E), at 1100 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous. LSUHC 12104 was a gravid female collected during September at Parit Falls. These data may indicate that the reproductive season for B. shenlong sp. nov. takes place during the earlier, drier part of the year (GRISMER et al. 2015). 
TypesHolotype: LSUHC 9017, Adult male, collected on 16 June 2008 by L. Lee Grismer and Perry L. Wood Jr., at 2145 h. Paratypes. LSUHC 9144 collected on 16 November 2008 by L. Lee Grismer, Jesse L. Grismer, Evan S. H. Quah, P. L. Wood Jr., and Chan K. O. between 2150 and 1350 hrs 1169 m a.s.l. from Bukit Larut, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia (04°51.715 N, 100°47.933 E). LSUHC 10660 and 11301 bear the same collector data as the holotype but were collected on 30 June 2012 and 6 July 2013, respectively, and LSUHC 10660 was collected at 1058 m a.s.l. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (adults only). A moderately sized species reaching at least 106 mm SVL; tympanum small (DT/DO 0.38–0.44); head squarish in lateral profile (HD/HL 0.43–0.50), relatively narrow (HW/HL 0.54–0.63); forelimbs relatively long (FLL/SVL 0.51–0.59); foot not particularly short (FoL/HLL 0.39–0.41); hind limbs relatively long (HLL/SVL 0.84–0.95); 6–11 loreal scales; two or three postmentals; nuchal crest high, longer than diameter of orbit, spines lancolate; 71–92 midbody scales; 4–7 rows of paravertebral scales bearing keels pointing dorsoposteriorly; 1–5 rows of dorsal scales bearing keels pointing posteriorly; ventral scales less than five times the width of dorsal scales; 26–30 subdigital lamellae on the third finger; 27–36 subdigital lamellae on the fourth toe; third finger not longer than fourth finger; fourth finger not longer than fifth toe; no white patch between tympanum and orbit; tympanum green in adults; white infralabial stripe extending beyond tympanum; no red gular patch; no white ventrolateral line on body; postfemoral red line; and faint caudal bands. These characters are scored across all species in Tables 4 and 5 (GRISMER et al. 2015).

Comparisons. Bronchocela shenlong sp. nov. can be differentiated from B. danieli, B. smaragdina, B. vietnamensis, B. celebesensis, B. jubata, B. orlovi, B. rubrigularis and B. rayaensis sp. nov. by having 71–92 midbody scales as opposed to 43–71 collectively. It differs further from B. danieli, B. smaragdina, B. cristatella, B. marmorata Gray, B. hayeki, B. jubata, B. orlovi, and B. rubrigularis by the tympanum being less than 50% of the diameter of the eye. Having a high nuchal crest separates it from B. danieli, B. smaragdina, B. vietnamensis, B. marmorata, and B. rayaensis sp. nov. Bronchocela shenlong sp. nov. is also differentiated from various combinations of all other species on the basis of numerous color pattern characteristics (Tables 4,5).

Bronchocela shenlong sp. nov. most closely resembles B. cristatella from Peninsular Malaysia but can be differentiated from it by having a relatively smaller tympanum (DT/DO 0.38–0.44 vs. 0.42–0.53); a relatively thicker head (HD/HL 0.43–0.50 vs. 0.40–0.45); a green as opposed to a black tympanum; a broad, white infralabial stripe as opposed to its absence; and a postfemoral red stripe extending onto the tail. For additional characters further differentiating B. shenlong sp. nov. from B. rayaensis sp. nov. see the comparisons section for the latter. These character states are summarized in Table 5 (GRISMER et al. 2015). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet shenlong is used here to indicate this species’ morphological and ecological similarity to the “Shen Long” or “Spirit Dragon” of Chinese mythology. Shen Long is a wingless, five-toed, azure- colored reptile that resides in mountains and controls the wind, thunder, rain and clouds. As the epithet is used here, shenlong refers to this species’ upland, cloud forest habitat as well as its general dragon-like appearance. 
  • Diong, Cheong Hoong, and S. S. L. Lim 1998. Taxonomic Review and Morphological Description of Bronchocela cristatella (Kuhl, 1820) (Squamata: Agamidae) with Notes on Other Species in the Genus. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 46: 345-359 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. and Grismer, L. Lee 2017. Bronchocela shenlong Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 186-187 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R., Bursey, Charles R. and Grismer, L. Lee 2017. Bronchocela shenlong Endoparasites. Herpetological Review 48 (1): 187 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; P.L. WOOD, JR., CHEOL HAENG LEE, EVAN S. H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, EHWAN NGADI & JACK W. SITES, JR. 2015. An integrative taxonomic review of the agamid genus Bronchocela (Kuhl, 1820) from Peninsular Malaysia with descriptions of new montane and insular endemics. Zootaxa 3948 (1): 001–023 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
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