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Bronchocela smaragdina GÜNTHER, 1864

IUCN Red List - Bronchocela smaragdina - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Gunther's Bloodsucker 
SynonymBronchocela smaragdina GÜNTHER 1864: 138
Calotes smaragdinus — BOULENGER 1885: 319
Calotes smaragdinus — SMITH 1935: 185
Bronchocela smaragdina — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Bronchocela smaragdina — BOBROV & SEMENOV 2008: 151 
DistributionS Indochina, Cambodia (Mondolkiri Province), C Vietnam (S Annam), Thailand

Type locality: Cambodia  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.11.35-36 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A slender limbed species with a SVL of 94-113 mm (n = 5), and a long tail (372-384 mm, n = 5, 330 - 363% of SVL). Tympanum about half diameter of orbit or little more (Ratio 0.57-0.68). Head covered above with small uniform keeled scales, no enlarged or compressed scales between orbit and tympanum. Nuchal crest indicated by very small erect scales, dorsal crest absent. Mental small, tree postmentals (Fig. 12), gular region covered with little enlarged keeled scales, smaller than ventrals. Body scales small, feebly keeled, homogenous in 45-53 midbody scale rows, 1-2 uppermost scale rows pointing upward, 2 parallel, others directed downwards. 4 keeled dorsolateral scales, 8 smooth laterals. Ventrals much larger than dorsals, strongly keeled. Fifth toe small, smaller than fourth finger. It can be distinguished from other congeners by the combination of small dorsal scales, smaller fifth toe than fourth finger, no enlarged scales behind upper corner of orbit, three postmentals and a light longitudinal band without dark dots and tail without bark bands.
CommentThe original description is available online (see link below).

The Bronchocela cristatella in Chan-ard et al (1999, p. 92) is actually B. smaragdina [Michael Cota, pers. comm.]. 
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Bobrov V. V. 2017. LIZARDS (REPTILIA, SAURIA) FROM VIETNAM IN THE HERPETOLOGICAL COLLECTION OF THE ZOOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF MOSCOW UNIVERSITY. 3. GENUS BRONCHOCELA (FAMILY AGAMIDAE). [in Russian] Current Studies in Herpetology 17 (3-4): 198-202; DOI: 10.18500/1814-6090-2017-17-3-4-198-202. - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Flower,S.S. 1899. Notes on a second collection of reptiles made in the Malay Peninsula and Siam, from November 1896 to September 1898, with a list of the species recorded from those countries. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1899: 600-697 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; P.L. WOOD, JR., CHEOL HAENG LEE, EVAN S. H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, EHWAN NGADI & JACK W. SITES, JR. 2015. An integrative taxonomic review of the agamid genus Bronchocela (Kuhl, 1820) from Peninsular Malaysia with descriptions of new montane and insular endemics. Zootaxa 3948 (1): 001–023 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2004. A new species of the genus Bronchocela from the tropical rain forest of southern Vietnam. Russ. J. Herpetol. 11 (1): 30-34 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. A taxonomic review of the genus Bronchocela (Squamata: Agamidae) with description of a new species from Vietnam. Russ. J. Herpetol. 12 (3): 167-182 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2008. Agamid lizards of Southern Asia, Draconinae 1. Terralog 7, 160 pp.
  • Nabhitabhata, J. and T. Chan-ard. 2005. Thailand Red Data: Mammals, Reptiles and Amphibians. Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning. Bangkok, 234 pp.
  • Nabhitabhata, J., T. Chan-ard and Y. Chuaynkern 2000. Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bankok. 152pp.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stuart, B.; Sok, K. & Neang, T. 2006. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from hilly Eastern Cambodia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 54 (1): 129-155 - get paper here
  • Thao, Hoang Ngoc 2020. New distribution of Bronchocela smaragdina Gunther, 1864 and Bronchocela vietnamensis Hallermann & Orlov, 2005 in Nui Ong Nature Reserve, Vietnam. Herpetology Notes 13: 501-504 - get paper here
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