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Brookesia lineata RAXWORTHY & NUSSBAUM, 1995

IUCN Red List - Brookesia lineata - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae (Brookesiinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymBrookesia lineata RAXWORTHY & NUSSBAUM 1995
Brookesia lineata — NECAS 1999: 277
Brookesia lineata — TOWNSEND et al. 2009 
DistributionMadagascar (only known from the type locality)

Type locality: Bekolosy, Manongarivo Special Reserve, 1200 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 200073 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A Brookesia with 8 complete series of I dorsoluteral pointed tubercles on the body; a lateral projection of the body in the sacral area forms a straight-edged ledge with the '11th dorsolateral pointed tubercle on its posterior border: no pelvic shield in the sacral region: no dorsal ridge (keel): no pointed tubercles around the cloaca or on the tail: supraocular cone projects forward to same level us supranasal cone: four soft-pointed tubercles on chin: 45 mm SVL. Only two other species. Brookesia hetschi and B. thieli. share the following combination of characters: series of complete dorsolateral pointed tubercles along body; elongated pointed tubercles on chin: absence of pointed tubercles around clouca: absence of a dorsal ridge (keel) on body, absence of a pelvic shield. Brookesia thieli and B. betschi both have pointed lateral a projection of the body above the hindlimb; the supraocular cone may project forward further than the supranasal cone; and they are not known to exceed 42 mm SVL. (Raxworthy & Nussbaum 1995) 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line, referring to the dark lines on the body of the species. 
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Raxworthy, C. J. & R. A. Nussbaum 1995. Systematics, speciation and biogeography of the dwarf chameleons (Brookesia; Reptilia, Squamata, Chamaeleontidae) of northern Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 235: 525-558. - get paper here
  • Townsend, T.M.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F. & Vences, M. 2009. Testing Species-Level Diversification Hypotheses in Madagascar: The Case of Microendemic Brookesia Leaf Chameleons. Systematic Biology 58 (6):641–656 - get paper here
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