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Brookesia minima BOETTGER, 1893

IUCN Red List - Brookesia minima - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae (Brookesiinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Minute Leaf Chameleon
G: Nosy-Be Stummelschwanzchamäleon 
SynonymBrookesia minima BOETTGER 1893
Brookesia minima — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 234
Brookesia minima — NECAS 1999: 264
Brookesia minima — TOWNSEND et al. 2009
Brookesia (Evoluticauda) minima — GLAW et al. 2021 
DistributionNW Madagascar (Nosy Bé, Nosy Komba)

Type locality: Lokoubé, Nossi Be = Nosy Bé  
TypesLectotype: SMF 16512 (fide MERTENS 1967: 64) 
CommentBrookesia minima, tuberculata, and peyrierasi have been synonymized by Raxworthy and Nussbaum (1995). This synonymization has been reversed by Glaw et al. (1999). This is probably the smallest chameleon. 
EtymologyNamed after L.: minimus/a/um, superlative of parva, small: smallest. At the time reputedly the smallest chameleon known (Charles Klaver, pers. comm., 11 Jan 2023). 
  • Boettger, Oskar 1893. Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. I. Teil (Rhynchocephalen, Schildkröten, Krokodile, Eidechsen, Chamäleons). [type catalogue] Gebrüder Knauer, Frankfurt a. M., x + 140 pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. & C. A. Domergue 1969. Notes sur les Brookesia de Madagascar. IV. UNE SÉRIE DE PETITS BROOKESIA DE NOSY MANGABÉ (Chamaeléonidés). Bull. Mus. nat. Hist. nat., Paris 41 (4): 833-841 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F., Köhler, J., Hawlitschek, O. et al. 2021. Extreme miniaturization of a new amniote vertebrate and insights into the evolution of genital size in chameleons. Sci Rep 11: 2522 - get paper here
  • Glaw,.F.; Vences,M.; Ziegler,T., Böhme,W.; Köhler,J. 1999. Specific distinctiveness and biogeography of the dwarf chameleons Brookesia minima, B. peyrierasi and B. tuberculata (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae): evidence from hemipenial and external morphology. Journal of Zoology 247: 225-238 - get paper here
  • Hyde-Roberts, S. & C. Daly 2014. A rapid herpetofaunal assessment of Nosy Komba Island, northwestern Madagascar, with new locality records for seventeen species. Salamandra 50 (1): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 2016. Chamäleons. Immer wieder Neues. Reptilia 21 (119): 16-24
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Geheimnisvolle Mini-Drachen: Die Erd- und Stummelschwanzchamäleons der Gattungen Brookesia und Rhampholeon. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Mysterious Mini-Dragons: the stump-tailed chameleons Brookesia and Rhampholeon. Reptilia (GB) (35): 10-21 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Raxworthy, C. J. & R. A. Nussbaum 1995. Systematics, speciation and biogeography of the dwarf chameleons (Brookesia; Reptilia, Squamata, Chamaeleontidae) of northern Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 235: 525-558. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W. & Simon, H. 1988. Brookesia minima BOETTGER, 1893. Sauria 10 (4) Suppl.: 121–124 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Townsend, T.M.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F. & Vences, M. 2009. Testing Species-Level Diversification Hypotheses in Madagascar: The Case of Microendemic Brookesia Leaf Chameleons. Systematic Biology 58 (6):641–656 - get paper here
  • Zimmermann, H. 2002. Madagaskar - Paradies für Naturtouristen und Naturwissenschaftler. Herpetofauna 24 (140): 5-12 - get paper here
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