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Brookesia tuberculata MOCQUARD, 1894

IUCN Red List - Brookesia tuberculata - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae (Brookesiinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Mount d'Ambre Leaf Chameleon 
SynonymBrookesia tuberculata MOCQUARD 1894: 3
Brookesia tuberculata — WERNER 1911: 43
Brookesia tuberculata — MERTENS 1966: 5
Brookesia tuberculata — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 235
Brookesia minima — KLAVER & BÖHME 1997
Brookesia tuberculata — GLAW et al. 1999
Brookesia tuberculata — TOWNSEND et al. 2009
Brookesia (Evoluticauda) tuberculata — GLAW et al. 2021 
DistributionN Madagascar

Type locality: Montagne d’Ambre  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1893.0183 
CommentBrookesia minima, tuberculata, and peyrierasi have been synonymized by Raxworthy and Nussbaum (1995). This synonymization has been reversed by Glaw et al. (1999). See entry for B. minima.

Type species: Brookesia tuberculata is the type species of the genus Evoluticauda ANGEL 1942. Note: LOVERIDGE (1956: 2, footnote; and 1957a: 206, footnote) designated Brookesia nasus as type species of the genus Evoluticauda ANGEL 1942, but this subsequent designation is not valid as the previous designation of Brookesia tuberculata as type species of Evoluticauda by GUIBE (1954: 108) has precedence.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017).

Distribution: see map in Glaw et al. 2021: 5 (Fig. 3) 
EtymologyNamed after L.: tuberculum, diminutive of tuber, a wartlike projection, -atus/a/um, adjectival suffix, finely tubercular, denoting the fine warty scalation (Charles Klaver, pers. comm., 11 Jan 2023). 
  • Brygoo, E. R. & C. A. Domergue 1974. Notes sur les Brookesia de Madagascar. IX. Observations sur B. tuberculata Mocquard, 1894, B. ramanantsoai sp. nov. et B. peyrierasi nom. nov. (Reptilia, Squamata, Chamaeleontidae). . Bull. Mus. nat. Hist. nat., Paris 189 (267): 1769-1782 [1975]
  • D’Cruze, N.; Köhler, J.; Franzen, M & Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Forêt d’Ambre Special Reserve, north Madagascar. MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT 3 (1): 44-54 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F., Köhler, J., Hawlitschek, O. et al. 2021. Extreme miniaturization of a new amniote vertebrate and insights into the evolution of genital size in chameleons. Sci Rep 11: 2522 - get paper here
  • Glaw,.F.; Vences,M.; Ziegler,T., Böhme,W.; Köhler,J. 1999. Specific distinctiveness and biogeography of the dwarf chameleons Brookesia minima, B. peyrierasi and B. tuberculata (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae): evidence from hemipenial and external morphology. Journal of Zoology 247: 225-238 - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mocquard, F. 1894. Reptiles nouveaux ou insuffisamment connus de Madagascar. C. R. sommaire Séances Soc. philomath. Paris 8 (5-6): 3-10 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Pawlik, K. 2012. Chamäleon-Urlaub – eine Madagaskar-Reise. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (96): 103-109 - get paper here
  • Raxworthy, C. J. & R. A. Nussbaum 1995. Systematics, speciation and biogeography of the dwarf chameleons (Brookesia; Reptilia, Squamata, Chamaeleontidae) of northern Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 235: 525-558. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Townsend, T.M.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F. & Vences, M. 2009. Testing Species-Level Diversification Hypotheses in Madagascar: The Case of Microendemic Brookesia Leaf Chameleons. Systematic Biology 58 (6):641–656 - get paper here
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