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Bungarus andamanensis BISWAS & SANYAL, 1978

IUCN Red List - Bungarus andamanensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: South Andaman Krait 
SynonymBungarus andamanensis BISWAS & SANYAL 1978
Bungarus andamanensis — WELCH 1994: 37
Bungarus andamanensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 127 
DistributionIndia (Andaman Island)

Type locality: ‘Port Blair, S. Andaman’ (in the Bay of Bengal, India); ‘Andamans’  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZSI 20895/1; ZSI 20895/2 (paratype), ZSI 2897 (paratype); ZSI 14628 (paratype) 
DiagnosisCharacters (Andaman islands): “Dorsal scales smooth, in 15:15:15 rows; vertebral scales hexagonal and enlarged; ventrals 188- 196; subcaudals 42–45, undivided; anal single; supralabials 7, 3–4 entering orbit; infralabials 7, 1–4 touching genials; preocular 1; postoculars 2; loreal absent; temporals 1+2. Dorsum lustrous black with 36–45 pale yellow to creamy white bands all over the body and 8–12 bands on the tail. Hemipenis everted in one specimen; organ short, 6 mm long, of conical shape, longer than broad and not lobed. Distal end much broader than proximal end, with intense flounces towards the tip pointing posteriorly. Sulcus spermaticus visible as a groove ventrally.” Chandramouli 2022 
CommentVenomous! 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution on the Andaman Islands. 
References
  • Biswas S; Sanyal D P 1978. A new species of krait of the genus Bungarus Daudin, 1803 (Serpentes: Elapidae) from the Andaman Island. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 75 (1): 179-183 - get paper here
  • CHANDRAMOULI, S. 2022. Snake fauna of the Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal—A review of species richness, taxonomy, distribution, natural history and conservation status. Zootaxa, 5209(3), 301-331 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Slowinski J B. 1994. A phylogenetic analysis of Bungarus (Elapidae) based on morphological characters. Journal of Herpetology 28 (4): 440-446 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
 
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