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Bungarus caeruleus (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Indian Krait, Common krait
G: Indischer Krait 
SynonymPseudoboa caerulea SCHNEIDER 1801: 284
Boa lineata SHAW 1802 (fide SMITH 1943)
Boa latotecta BOIE 1827: 552 (nomen nudum)
Bungarus arcuatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1272 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus caeruleus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1273
Bungarus caeruleus — BOULENGER 1890
Bungarus candidus var. caeruleus BOULENGER 1896
Bungarus sindanus BOULENGER 1897 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus candidus — WALL 1907 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus caeruleus — SMITH 1943: 413
Bungarus caeruleus — WELCH 1994: 37
Bungarus caeruleus — JANZEN et al. 2007
Bungarus caeruleus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 127
Bungarus caerulus — RAIS et al. 2016 (in error)
Bangarus caeruleus — KANAUJIA et al. 2017 (in error)
Bungarus caerulus — GAYEN et al. 2019 (in error)
Bungarus caerulues — PANDYA et al. 2022 (in error)
Bungarus romulusi SUNAGAR et a. 2021 (preliminary synonymy) 
DistributionAfghanistan, Pakistan, India (Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Kerala, Karnataka (Castle Rock, and probably all over) [A. Captain, pers. Comm.], Punjab [Dino Aulakh, pers. comm.], Jammu and Kashmir, Odisha, Telangana, Nagaland), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal.

Type locality: “Vizagapatam, Andhra Pradesh, south India”; “India orientali” according to BAUER (1998).  
TypesSyntype: ZMB 2787 

Synonymy: Sunagar et al. 2021 proposed a new name, Bungarus romulusi, for a krait from Karnataka. This name was not Code-compliant, hence Wüster & Kaiser 2023 rejected the name which we temporarily include in B. caeruleus as the only krait known from Karnataka.

This is one of four common venomous snakes of medical importance in India. The others are Naja naja, Echis carinatus, and Daboia russeli.

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
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