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Cadea blanoides (STEJNEGER, 1916)

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Higher TaxaCadeidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata
Common NamesE: Cuban Spotted Wormlizard, Spotted Amphisbaena 
SynonymAmphisbaena Punctata BELL 1827 (nec WIED 1825)
Amphisbaena caeca COCTEAU 1838? (non CUVIER 1839)
Amphisbaena punctata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 494
Cadea punctata — GRAY 1865: 372
Cadea blanoides STEJNEGER 1916:85 (nom. nov.)
Cadea blanoides — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 563
Amphisbaena blanoides — POWELL 1996: 64
Cadea blanoides — VIDAL et al. 2007 
DistributionW Cuba, Isla de la Juventud

Type locality: Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.2.20. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (total length to 260 mm [male]); tail to 14 mm, cylindrical, not tapering, short, flattened ventrally, domed dorsally, rounded terminally; no caudal autotomy; body annuli 175-218, caudal annuli 9-18; dorsal segments 24/midbody annulus, ventral segments 6/midbody annulus; rows of post-genials 2; no postmalar rows of chin shields; 4-9 precloacal pores in 2 separated lateral series; 6-8 precloacal segments; nasals separated by rostral; 1 temporal. Dorsum pinkish to purplish, speckled with gray dots, which may coalesce into a series of lines on tail (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 563). 
CommentRecently assigned to Amphisbaena from Cadea (Hedges et al. 1992). Amphisbaena Punctata Bell 1827 is a junior homonym of Amphisbaena punctata Wied 1825.

Synonymy: partly after BRYGOO 1990.

Type species: Amphisbaena punctata Bell (= C. blanoides) is the type species of the genus Cadea GRAY 1844. 
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1990. Les types d'Amphisbaenidés, Pygopodidés, Xantusiidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle - Catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 12 (ser. 4) A (3-4), suppl.: 3-18
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Hedges,S.B. et al. 1992. Caribbean biogeography: molecular evidence for dispersal in West Indian terrestrial vertebrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 89: 1909-1913 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 136]
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1916. Notes on amphisbaenian nomenclature. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29:85. - get paper here
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Anna Azvolinsky, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2007. Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0531 - get paper here
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