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Caiman latirostris (DAUDIN, 1802)

IUCN Red List - Caiman latirostris - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaAlligatoridae, Crocodylia, crocodiles (alligators)
SubspeciesCaiman latirostris chacoensis FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965
Caiman latirostris latirostris (DAUDIN 1802) 
Common NamesE: Broad-snouted caiman
G: Breitschnauzenkaiman 
SynonymCrocodilus latirostris DAUDIN 1802
Caiman fissipes SPIX 1825
Champsa fissipes WAGLER 1828 (fide HOOGMOED & GRUBER 1983)
Alligator cynocephalus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 86
Crocodilus fissipes — FITZINGER in TREITSCHKE 1842
Champsa fissipes — GULLIVER 1846: 208
Jacare latirostris — GRAY 1862
Alligator latirostris — STRAUCH 1866 (partim)
Alligator latirostris — BOULENGER 1886: 425
Caiman latirostris — BOULENGER 1889 (partim)
Jacaretinga latirostris — VAILLANT 1898
Caiman latirostris latirostris — FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965
Caiman latirostris — NICKEL & AULIYA 2004
Caiman latirostris — CACCIALI et al. 2016

Caiman latirostris chacoensis FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965
Caiman latirostris chacoensis — NICKEL & AULIYA 2004 
DistributionN Argentina (Formosa), SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Pernambuco, Paraíba), Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay

Type locality: Joinvilla, Santa Catarina, Brasil (designated by FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965)  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 7769; MNRJ 1258 designated neotype by Freiberg and Carvalho 1965
Holotype: MACN 17.551 (Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires) [chacoensis] 
CommentFreiberg and Carvalho (1965) list the register number of the holotype, MNHN 7769, and then nevertheless designate a neotype, MNRJ 1258. They do not provide any justification for this action. According to Art. 75 of the Intl. Code Zool. Nomen. such a designation is not valid. However, Freiberg and Carvalho's restriction of the type locality is acceptable (KING & BURKE 1989).

Type species: Caiman fissipes SPIX 1825 is the type species of the genus Caiman SPIX 1825: 3. 
EtymologyA. M. C. Duméril and Bibron (1836) applied the vernacular name Caiman to crocodilians from the southeastern U.S., the Dominican Republic, etc.; thus, the vernacular name caiman has been applied to Western Hemisphere alligator-like relatives for many years (McCranie 2018: 426). 
  • Achaval, F.;San Martin, H. 1983. Presencia del Yacare de Hocico Ancho Caiman latirostris (Daudin,1801) (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae), en el Departamento de Rocha, Uruguay. Bol. Soc. Zool. del Uruguay 1: 11-15
  • Acosta, Igor cunha lima 2019. First record of Amblyomma rotundatum Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing wild Caiman latirostris (Reptilia: Crocodylidae) in the Atlantic rainforest biome, Southeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 9-11 - get paper here
  • Amavet, P.; Rosso, E. Markariani, R.; Piña, C.I. 2008. Microsatellite DNA Markers Applied to Detection of Multiple Paternity in Caiman latirostris in Santa Fe, Argentina. J. Exp. Zool. 309A: 637–642
  • Amavet, P.; Vilardi, J.C.; rosso, E. & Saidman, B. 2009. Genetic and Morphometric Variability in Caiman latirostris (Broad-Snouted Caiman), Reptilia, Alligatoridae. J. Exp. Zool. 311A: 258-269
  • Amavet, Patricia Susana, Eva Carolina Rueda, Pablo Ariel Siroski, Alejandro Larriera and Beatriz Ofelia Saidman. 2015. Isolation and characterization of new microsatellite markers for application in population genetic studies of Caiman latirostris and related species. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (2): 175-180 - get paper here
  • Amavet, Patricia Susana; Vilardi, Juan César; Rueda, Eva Carolina; Larriera, Alejandro; Saidman, Beatriz Ofelia 2012. Mating system and population analysis of the broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris) using microsatellite markers. Amphibia-Reptilia 33 (1): 83-93 - get paper here
  • Blanco, M.V. Fernandez; Bona, P.; Olivares, A.I.; Desojo, J.B. 2015. Ontogenetic variation in the skulls of Caiman: the case of Caiman latirostris and Caiman yacare (Alligatoridae, Caimaninae). The Herpetological Journal 25 (2): 65-73 - get paper here
  • Borges, Vitor S.; Pamela C. Santiago, Nathália G. S. Lima, Marcos E. Coutinho, Paula C. Eterovick, and Daniel C. Carvalho 2018. Evolutionary Significant Units within Populations of Neotropical Broad-Snouted Caimans (Caiman latirostris, Daudin, 1802). Journal of Herpetology 52 (3): 282-288. - get paper here
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  • Carl, Noah Jaspan; Jim Darlington 2017. Extended Parental Care in Broad-Snouted Caiman Caiman latirostris (Daudin,1801) (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae). Herpetology Notes 10: 127-129 - get paper here
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  • Gulliver,George 1846. On the size of the red corpuscles of the blood in the vertebrata, with copious tables of measurements. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 17: 200-209 - get paper here
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  • Iungman, Josefina L.; Gustavo M. Somoza, and Carlos I. Piña 2015. Are Stress-Related Hormones Involved in the Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination of the Broad-Snouted Caiman? South American J. Herp. 10 (1): 41-49. - get paper here
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  • Mascarenhas-Júnior, Paulo Braga; Haggy Rodrigues dos Anjos, Ednilza Maranhão dos Santos, Jozelia Maria de Sousa Correia 2018. Caiman latirostris (Daudin, 1802) interaction with fishing nets in a lentic area, Northeast of Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 977-980 - get paper here
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