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Calamaria banggaiensis KOCH, ARIDA, MCGUIRE, ISKANDAR & BÖHME, 2009

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Banggai reed snake
G: Banggai Zwergschlange
F: Calamaire de Banggai 
SynonymCalamaria banggaiensis KOCH, ARIDA, MCGUIRE, ISKANDAR & BÖHME 2009
Calamaria banggaiensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 135 
DistributionIndonesia (Sulawesi: Banggai)

Type locality: at approximately 5 m elevation, southeast of Desa (= village) Banggai (1°37’23’’S, 123°32’16’’E), Pulau Banggai, Kepulauan Banggai, east of Central Sulawesi (Propinsi Sulawesi Tengah), Indonesia.  
TypesHolotype: MZB Oph(idia). 3230 (Field number AK0182), a female, collected by A. Koch and E. Arida, on 28 August 2005. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A new species of Calamaria that is distinguished from all other members of the genus by the following combination of characters (see below for specific comparisons): Preocular scales absent. Five supralabials (third and fourth contacting orbit) and five infralabials with the first pair meeting behind the mental so that the mental is separated from the anterior chin shields. Paraparietal surrounded by five scales and shields. Modified maxillary teeth. Smooth dorsal scales in 13 rows around the body. High number of ventral scales (157–198), a single anal plate, and 20–25 divided subcaudals.

Coloration: The dorsal colour pattern consists of pale brown with darker spots, a pale collar, and a lateral light and dark zigzag pattern along the body. A dark median streak on the underside of the tail is absent. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet banggaiensis refers to the type locality, the Banggai Islands, east of Central Sulawesi. 
  • Koch, A. 2011. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi: Underestimated Diversity in a Dynamic Environment. In: F.E. Zachos and J.C. Habel (eds.), Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer, Berlin, p. 383-404 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Koch, A.; Arida, E.; Mcguire, J.A.; Iskandar, D.T. & Böhme, W. 2009. A new species of Calamaria (Squamata: Colubridae) similar to C. ceramensis de Rooij, 1913, from the Banggai Islands, east of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Zootaxa 2196: 19–30 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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