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Calamaria butonensis HOWARD & GILLESPIE, 2007

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymCalamaria butonensis HOWARD & GILLESPIE 2007
Calamaria butonensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 135 
DistributionIndonesia (Sulawesi: Kakenauwe Reserve, Lambusango Reserve)

Type locality: Kakenauwe Reserve at 5°11’0’’S, 122°53’40’’E, and 150 m elevation, Buton Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia.  
TypesHolotype: MZB (erroneously given as MBZ) 3125, adult male, collected on 21 June, 2002. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Distinguished from all other Calamaria species by the combination of the following characteristics: no preocular scale, mental not touching anterior chin shields, five supralabial scales and five scales or shields surrounding paraparietal, subcaudals 25–28 (male) and 14–18 (female), tail long and tapering to a point; nine modified maxillary teeth, maximum total body length of 245 mm, and uniform body coloration.
CommentBehavior: crepuscular and nocturnal. 
Etymologynamed after the type locality, Buton Island. 
  • Howard, S.D. & Gillespie, G.R. 2007. Two New Calamaria (Serpentes) Species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Herpetology 41 (2): 237 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2011. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi: Underestimated Diversity in a Dynamic Environment. In: F.E. Zachos and J.C. Habel (eds.), Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer, Berlin, p. 383-404 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Koch, A.; Arida, E.; Mcguire, J.A.; Iskandar, D.T. & Böhme, W. 2009. A new species of Calamaria (Squamata: Colubridae) similar to C. ceramensis de Rooij, 1913, from the Banggai Islands, east of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Zootaxa 2196: 19–30 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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