You are here » home advanced search search results Callopistes maculatus

Callopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST, 1838

IUCN Red List - Callopistes maculatus - Data Deficient, DD

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Callopistes maculatus?

Add your own observation of
Callopistes maculatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaTeiidae, Tupinambinae, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesCallopistes maculatus maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838
Callopistes maculatus atacamensis DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes maculatus manni DONOSO-BARROS 1960 
Common NamesE: Spotted False Monitor 
SynonymCallopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838: 744

Callopistes maculatus maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838
Aporomera ornata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 76
Ameiva oculata D’ORBIGNY & BIBRON 1847: 9
Aporomera ocellata GUICHENOT in GAY1848
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — DONOSO -BARROS 1960
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 88
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — HARVEY et al. 2012

Callopistes maculatus atacamensis DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes palluma atacamensis — NÚÑEZ & VELOSO 2001
Callopistes maculatus atacamensis — HARVEY et al. 2012

Callopistes maculatus manni DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes palluma manni — NÚÑEZ & VELOSO 2001
Callopistes maculatus manni — HARVEY et al. 2012
Callopistes maculatus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionChile (Southern Antofagasta to Maule Province)

atacamensis: Copiapo Province, Chile (coastal area); Type locality: Rocky coast of Caldera, Chile.

manni: S Antofagasta, Chile; Type locality: Quebradas de Paposo, S Antofagasta, Chile.

Type locality: At foot of Cordillera, Chile. (”Chile, am Fuss der Cordillere”)  
TypesLectotype: MNHW (= MNHUW) 1320, male; a syntype appears to be lost (lectotype designation by Borczyk & Skawiński 2019: 3)
Syntypes: private collection Donoso-Barros 567, female + male [manni]
Holotype: private collection Donoso-Barros 414, male [atacamensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Unlike all other extant Teiidae, Callopistes lacks femoral and abdominal pores and has three or more loreals, 2–3 complete rows of lorilabials separating the suboculars from the supralabials, heavily fractured prefrontals, and a vertical fold of skin in front of the auditory meatus [HARVEY et al. 2012].
CommentSee comment in Phymaturus palluma for the usage of the name C. palluma. Veloso, Núñez & Cei (2000) proposed the combinations Callopistes palluma (for current Callopistes maculatus) and Phymaturus flagellifer (formerly Centrura flagellifer, currently Phymaturus palluma). They attempted to synonymise Callopistes maculatus with Callopistes palluma and designated a neotype (MNHNCL 2909) for the latter name. However, these proposals were later rejected (Etheridge & Savage, 2003; ICZN 2005).

Type species: Callopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838 is the type species of the genus Callopistes GRAVENHORST 1838. Callopistes is also the type species of the subfamily Callopistinae HARVEY et al. 2012. Note that Tucker et al. 2016 do not recognize the subfamily Callopistinae but instead assign the genus to the subfamily Tupinambinae.

Karyotype: Gorman (1970: 238) noticed that the karyotypes of the two Callopistes species are “indistinguishable” and “unique among lizards.” 
  • Borczyk B, Skawiński T. 2019. Tracking down the lizards from Gravenhorst's collection at the University of Wrocław: type specimens of Callopistes maculatus Gravenhorst, 1838 and three Liolaemus species rediscovered. PeerJ 7:e6525 - get paper here
  • Castro-Pastene, Carlos; Héctor Carrasco & Jaime Troncoso-Palacios. 2015. Lagartijas y serpientes del Parque Nacional Radal Siete Tazas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 12-16 - get paper here
  • D'Orbigny A. & BIBRON 1837. Voyage dans l’Amérique Méridionale, Tome 5, 1re Partie: Reptiles. Paris, P. Bertrand, Strasbourg, V.e Levrault [1837-1847] [SSAR reprint 1975]
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1960. La familia Teiidae en Chile. Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 55: 41-54
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Eifler, M A; Eilfer, D A & Godoy, W B; 2019. Callopistes maculatus (Spotted False Monitor) Diet and prey handling. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 369 - get paper here
  • Faúndez, P. V. 2012. Callopistes maculatus (Chilean racerunner) prey. Herpetological Review 43: 644-645 - get paper here
  • Gagliardi, Jorge et al. 2016. Fotografías herpetológicas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 40-52. PDF - get paper here
  • Gay, C. 1848. Historia física y política de Chile. Paris, Vol. 2: 47, 53, 61 - get paper here
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1838. Beiträge zur genaueren Kenntniss einiger Eidechsengattungen. Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. 18: 712-784 [1837]
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Jara, Manuel and Daniel Pincheira-Donoso. 2013. Callopistes maculatus (Chilean iguana) saurophagy on Liolaemus. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 670-671 - get paper here
  • Núñez, H. and A. Veloso 2001. Distribución geográfica de las especies de lagartos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 109-120
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime 2014. Nueva lista actualizada de los reptiles terrestres de la Región de Atacama, Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime; Yery Marambio-Alfaro 2021. Nomenclature and taxonomic status of the lizards listed by Philippi (1860) (Squamata: Liolaemidae, Teiidae and Tropiduridae). Cuadernos de Herpetología 35 (S1): 175-192
  • Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron 2016. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84 - get paper here
  • Weymann, Michael 2016. Saurofagia en juvenil de Callopistes maculatus Gravenhorst 1838 (Squamata, Teiidae). Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 26-27. PDF - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator