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Calodactylodes aureus (BEDDOME, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Calodactylodes aureus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Indian golden gecko 
SynonymCalodactylus aureus BEDDOME 1870: 31
Calodactylus aureus — BOULENGER 1885: 108
Calodactylodes aureus — STRAND 1928
Calodactylodes aureus — WERMUTH 1965: 10
Calodactylodes aureus — RÖSLER 2000: 61
Calodactylodes aureus — BAUER 2013 (plates)
Calodactylodes aureus — RÖSLER 2018: 55
Calodactylodes aureas — KARTHIK et al. 2018 (in error) 
DistributionIndia (Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa = Odisha, Karnataka)

Type locality: Tripatty Hills in North Areot = Tiruppatur Hills = Tirupati Hills, Eastern Ghats (fide M.A. Smith 1935).  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.25.30-31, ZMB 17555 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Calodactylodes species are fairly large geckos, reaching about 80–89 mm in adult maximum SVL. In form, Calodactylodes are extremely spindly, with narrow bodies, long, slender limbs, extremely narrow necks, and a large head. As in all gekkonids, eyelids do not function. Paragehyra species are generally brown or grayish to golden in color, often with pale rhomboid markings. Calodactylodes can be distinguished from other geckos by the following combination of characteristics: hyoid without second ceratobranchial cartilages; 14 scleral ossicles; stapedial foramen present; frontal single; parietal paired; cloacal bones present; phalangeal formula 2-3-4-5-3/2-3-4-5-4 (manus/pes); Calodactylodes-type paraphalangeal elements present; eye with vertical pupil having notched margins; digits free, narrow, leaf-toed, bearing one (digit I) or two (digits II–V) pairs of broadened pads, one at digital tips, the other (on digits II–V) at the base of the terminal phalanx; claws present, enclosed in a sheath; dorsal scalation consists of small, juxtaposed granules intermixed with larger tubercles; preanal pores present but may be indistinct; tail depressed, fairly long, tapering, segmented; females lay two hard-shelled eggs (Smith 1935, Kluge 1967, Bauer and Das 2001).

Original description (species): “Head and back uniformly granular, with very small scales, some few of which ure very slightly enlarged scales of the belly small nearly square in about thirty tranverse series; eye large, without eyelids, pupil elliptic erect (shaped thus ‡); nostrils behind each angle of the rostral, with two plates between them fourteen upper labials, last two very small, thirteen lower ones : opening of the ear about quarter the size of the eye, not denticulate; no femoral or preanal pores, no plates on the chin beneath except the lower labials; length 6.5 to 7 inches, of which the tail is 3.25 to 3.5; length of fore limbs 1½ inches, hind limbs 1.875 inches; of brilliant golden color, freckled with brown over the whole of the upper surface (the yellow coler turns nearly white in spirits.)” (Beddome 1870) 
CommentType species: Calodactylus aureus is the type species of the genus Calodactylus BEDDOME 1870. However, Calodactylus is preoccupied by Calodactylus BLANCHARD 1850 (Insecta: Coleoptera). Calodactylodes STRAND 1928 is a replacement name for Calodactylus. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin adjective aureolus (=aureus) = "golden". 
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M. & Günther,R. 1991. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Zoological Museum , Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 67: 279-310 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. & I. Das 2000. A review of the gekkonid genus Calodactylodes (Reptilia: Squamata) from India and Sri Lanka. J.South Asian Nat. Hist., Colombo, 5 (1): 25-35
  • Beddome, R.H. 1870. Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 1: 30-35
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chettri, Basundhara & S. Bhupathy 2010. Three little known reptile species from the Araku Valley, Eastern Ghats with notes on their distribution. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (8): 1109-1113 - get paper here
  • Daniel,J.C. et al. 1986. Rediscovery of the golden gecko Calodactylodes aureus (Beddome) in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 83: 15-16 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity, 3(3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; M. Arumugam 2016. Species Richness of Montane Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India: A Historical Resume and a Descriptive Checklist. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 7-24 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; A. Kalaimani, P. Karthik, N. Baskaran, R. Nagarajan & S.R.Chandramouli 2018. Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India – II From Western Ghats to Coromandel Coast. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2018. Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 28-45 - get paper here
  • KALAIMANI, A. & A. NATH 2012. A new locality and microhabitat usage by Calodactylodes aureus (Beddome, 1870) from Tamil Nadu, Eastern Ghats, Southern India. Herpetotropicos 8 (1-2): 49-54 - get paper here
  • Kalaimani, A. & A. Nath 2013. The Indian Golden Gecko, Calodactylodes aureus (Beddome, 1870) in Tamil Nadu, India. Taprobanica 5 (1): 81-84 - get paper here
  • KALAIMANI, AYUTHAVEL 2015. Notes on egg laying sites of Calodactylodes aureus (Beddome, 1870) in Tirupattur Forest Division, Southern India. Herpetological Bulletin (131) - get paper here
  • Karthik, Pandi; Ayuthavel Kalaimani, Rathinalingam Nagarajan 2018. An inventory on herpetofauna with emphasis on conservation from Gingee Hills, Eastern-Ghats, Southern India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 7 (1): 2-16 - get paper here
  • Maqsood Javed, S.M.; Waran, A. & Tampal, F. 2007. On the occurrence of Golden Gecko Calodactylodes aureus (Beddome 1870) in Papikonda Hills, Eastern Ghats, Andhra Pradesh, India. Zoos’ Print J. 22 (6): 2727-2729 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Reddy, Y. Amarnath; P. Indira, T. Pullaiah, B. Sadasivaiah, K. Raja Kullai Swamy & S. Sandhya Rani 2013. Range extension of Indian Golden Gecko Calodactylodes aureus in Andhra Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (15): 41– 42 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. 2018. Haftbar -- Die einzigartige Welt der Geckos. Begleitheft zur Ausstellung im Naturkundemuseum Erfurt Mai-Aug 2018, 96 pp.
  • Russell, A.P. & A.M. Bauer 1989. The morphology of the digits of the golden gecko, Calodactylodes aureus and its implications for the occupation of rupicolous habitats Amphibia-Reptilia, 10(2): 125-140. - get paper here
  • Srinivasulu, B; C Srinivasulu, TA Shah, G Devender, H Kaur 2014. First confirmed record of Calodactylodes aureus (Reptilia) from Karnataka, India. Taprobanica 6 (1): 53-54 - get paper here
  • Strand, E. 1928. Miscellanea nomenclatorica zoologica et paleontologica. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A) 92: 30-75 [1926]
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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