Calotes maria GRAY, 1845
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Calotes maria?
|Higher Taxa||Agamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Khasi Hills Forest Lizard|
|Synonym||Calotes maria GRAY 1845: 243 (part.)|
Calotes platyceps BLYTH 1852 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Calotes maria — ANDERSON 1872
Calotes maria — BOULENGER 1885: 322
Calotes maria — SMITH 1935: 193
Calotes maria — HORA 1926
Calotes maria — DAS 1996: 43
|Distribution||India (Khasi Hills in Assam, Mizoram)|
Type locality: “Afghanistan and Khassia Hill” (fide WERMUTH 1967).
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 19188.8.131.52|
|Diagnosis||Description: “Length of head one and a half times its breadth; snout broad, a little longer than the orbit; forehead slightly concave; upper head-scales unequal, keeled or tuberculate; canthus rostralis and supraciliary edge sharp; two parallel ridges of compressed, more or less spinous scales above the tympanum, the upper continuous with the supraciliary edge, the lower separated from the tympanum by 4 or 5 small scales: 9 to 11 upper and as many lower labials: tympanum one-third the diameter of the orbit. Body compressed: dorsal scales rather huge, more or less distinctly keeled, pointing backwards mid upwards, larger than the ventrals, which are always strongly keeled and mucronate; 53 to 63 scales round the middle of the body. No gular pouch; gular scales like the ventrals, but larger. Nuchal and dorsal crest moderately developed in both sexes, composed anteriorly of lanceolate spines, gradually decreasing in size and reduced to a mere ridge on the posterior part of the back. Limbs moderate; third and fourth fingers nearly equal; fourth toe longer than third: the hind limb reaches to the eye or a little farther. Tail rounded or feebly compressed, covered with subequal keeled scales” (Smith 1935).|
Coloration: “Green, with pale (red) streaks and spots. Usually several oblique stripes upon the flanks, and elongated or rounded spots upon the limbs and upper aspect of the tail; greenish-white below. According to Gunther the head of the male assumes a bright red colour in the breeding season (see coloured plate)” (Smith 1935).
|Comment||Synonymy partly after WERMUTH 1967.|
|Etymology||Named after Maria Emma Gray (1787–1876), British conchologist and algologist, and wife of John Edward Gray (1800-1875), British zoologist.|