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Calotes maria GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Khasi Hills Forest Lizard 
SynonymCalotes maria GRAY 1845: 243 (part.)
Calotes platyceps BLYTH 1852 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Calotes maria — ANDERSON 1872
Calotes maria — BOULENGER 1885: 322
Calotes maria — SMITH 1935: 193
Calotes maria — HORA 1926
Calotes maria — DAS 1996: 43 
DistributionIndia (Khasi Hills in Assam, Mizoram)

Type locality: “Afghanistan and Khassia Hill” (fide WERMUTH 1967).  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.11.24 
DiagnosisDescription: “Length of head one and a half times its breadth; snout broad, a little longer than the orbit; forehead slightly concave; upper head-scales unequal, keeled or tuberculate; canthus rostralis and supraciliary edge sharp; two parallel ridges of compressed, more or less spinous scales above the tympanum, the upper continuous with the supraciliary edge, the lower separated from the tympanum by 4 or 5 small scales: 9 to 11 upper and as many lower labials: tympanum one-third the diameter of the orbit. Body compressed: dorsal scales rather huge, more or less distinctly keeled, pointing backwards mid upwards, larger than the ventrals, which are always strongly keeled and mucronate; 53 to 63 scales round the middle of the body. No gular pouch; gular scales like the ventrals, but larger. Nuchal and dorsal crest moderately developed in both sexes, composed anteriorly of lanceolate spines, gradually decreasing in size and reduced to a mere ridge on the posterior part of the back. Limbs moderate; third and fourth fingers nearly equal; fourth toe longer than third: the hind limb reaches to the eye or a little farther. Tail rounded or feebly compressed, covered with subequal keeled scales” (Smith 1935).

Coloration: “Green, with pale (red) streaks and spots. Usually several oblique stripes upon the flanks, and elongated or rounded spots upon the limbs and upper aspect of the tail; greenish-white below. According to Gunther the head of the male assumes a bright red colour in the breeding season (see coloured plate)” (Smith 1935). 
CommentSynonymy partly after WERMUTH 1967. 
EtymologyNamed after Maria Emma Gray (1787–1876), British conchologist and algologist, and wife of John Edward Gray (1800-1875), British zoologist. 
  • Anderson, J. 1872. On some Persian, Himalayan, and other Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 371-404 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blyth, E. 1852. Of reptiles, Dr. Kelaart has forwarded... J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xxi: 353-356 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Abhijit 2016. Addition to the Herpetofauna of Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan, with six new country records. Herpetology Notes 9: 261-278 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2000. A new species of Calotes from the Moluccas (Indonesia) with notes on the biogeogreaphy of the genus (Sauria: Agamidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 49 (1-2): 155-163 - get paper here
  • Hora, S.L. 1926. Notes on the Lizard in the Indian Museum. II. On the unnamed Collection of Lizards of the Genus Agamidae. Records of the Indian Museum 28 (4): 215-220
  • Lalremsanga, H.T., L. Khawlhring & Lalrotluanga 2010. Three additional lizard (Squamata: Sauria) records for Mizoram, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(2): 718-720 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2008. Agamid lizards of Southern Asia, Draconinae 1. Terralog 7, 160 pp.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 1990. A field book of the lizards of India. Records Zool. Survey India 115: 1-122 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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