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Calumma boettgeri (BOULENGER, 1888)

IUCN Red List - Calumma boettgeri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymChamaeleon boettgeri BOULENGER 1888
Chamaeleon macrorhinus BARBOUR 1903
Chamaeleon boettgeri — WERNER 911: 39
Chamaeleo boettgeri — MERTENS 1966
Chamaeleo boettgeri — BRYGOO 1978
Calumma boettgeri — KLAVER & BÖHME 1986
Calumma boettgeri — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 248
Calumma boettgeri — NECAS 1999: 237
Calumma boettgeri — GLAW 2015 
DistributionN Madagascar (Nossi Be = Nosy Bé, Nosy Komba)

Type locality: Nossi Bé (Nossy Bé), off NW Madagascar  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.21.56-58 (two males, one female)
Holotype: MCZ 5988 [macrorhinus] 
CommentSynonymy: Calumma linotum has been removed from the synonym of C. boettgeri. 
EtymologyNamed after Oskar Boettger (1844-1910), herpetologist at the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt am Main. 
  • Andreone F., Randrianirina J., Jenkins P.D. & Aprea G. 2000. Species diversity of Amphibia, Reptilia and Lipotyphla (Mammalia) at Ambolokopatrika, a rainforest between the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, NE Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 1587–1622 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1903. Two new species of Chamaeleon. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 16: 61-62. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1888. Descriptions of two new Chamaeleons from Nossi-Bé, Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 22-23. - get paper here
  • CAMPBELL, PATRICK D; WOLFGANG DENZER 2020. Annotated catalogue of chameleon types in the collection of the Natural History Museum, UK (NHMUK) (Reptilia: Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 4742 (3): 481–500 - get paper here
  • D’Cruze, N.; Köhler, J.; Franzen, M & Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Forêt d’Ambre Special Reserve, north Madagascar. MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT 3 (1): 44-54 - get paper here
  • Eckhardt, Falk Sebastian; Philip-Sebastian Gehring, Lina Bartel, Jessica Bellmann, Jonas Beuker, Dominik Hahne, Jessica Korte, Vanessa Knittel, Maria Mensch, Dennis Nagel, Moritz Pohl, Christine Rostosky, Vincent Vierath, Viviane Wilms, Jana Zenk and 2012. Assessing sexual dimorphism in a species of Malagasy chameleon (Calumma boettgeri) with a newly defined set of morphometric and meristic measurements. Herpetology Notes 6: 335-344
  • Gehring, Philip-Sebastian; Krystal A. Tolley, Falk Sebastian Eckhardt, Ted M. Townsend, Thomas Ziegler, Fanomezana Ratsoavina, Frank Glaw & Miguel Vences 2012. Hiding deep in the trees: discovery of divergent mitochondrial lineages in Malagasy chameleons of the Calumma nasutum group. Ecology and evolution, doi: 10.1002/ece3.269 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Hyde-Roberts, S. & C. Daly 2014. A rapid herpetofaunal assessment of Nosy Komba Island, northwestern Madagascar, with new locality records for seventeen species. Salamandra 50 (1): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. & Lutzmann, H. 2004. Das grammatikalische Geschlecht der Gattung Calumma (Chamaeleonidae) und die nötigen Anpassungen einiger Art- und Unterartbezeichnungen. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 4-5 (Addendum in issue 5: 13) - get paper here
  • Müller, L. 1924. Über ein neues Chamäleon aus Madagascar. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin 11: 95-96.
  • Natzer, E.M. 2018. Leuchtende Echsen – knochenbasierte Fluoreszenz bei Chamäleons. Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (2): 8-9 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Pawlik, K. 2012. Chamäleon-Urlaub – eine Madagaskar-Reise. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (96): 103-109 - get paper here
  • Prötzel D, Lambert SM, Andrianasolo GT, Hutter CR, Cobb KA, Scherz MD, Glaw F 2018. The smallest ‘true chameleon’ from Madagascar: a new, distinctly colored species of the Calumma boettgeri complex (Squamata, Chamaeleonidae). Zoosystematics and Evolution 94(2): 409-423 - get paper here
  • Prötzel, David; BERNHARD RUTHENSTEINER, MARK D. SCHERZ & FRANK GLAW 2015. Systematic revision of the Malagasy chameleons Calumma boettgeri and C. linotum (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 4048 (2): 211–231 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
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