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Calumma globifer (GÜNTHER, 1879)

IUCN Red List - Calumma globifer - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymChamaeleon globifer GÜNTHER 1879: 149
Chamaeleon globifer — WERNER 1911
Chamaeleo globifer — MERTENS 1966
Calumma globifer — KLAVER & BÖHME 1986
Calumma globifer — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 251
Calumma globifer — NECAS 1999: 241
Calumma globifera — ARNDT 2002
Calumma globiferum — LUTZMANN & LUTZMANN 2004
Calumma globiferum — WALBRÖL & WALBRÖL 2004
Calumma globiferum — WALBRÖL & WALBRÖL 2005
Calumma globifer — GLAW 2005
Calumma globifera — BÖHLE 2007
Calumma globiferum — SCHMIDT et al. 2010
Calumma globifer — CAMPBELL & DENZER 2020 
DistributionCE Madagascar

Type locality: near Antananarivo, Madagascar.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.21.53-54 (2 males), previously NHMUK1879.1.11.2–3. 
DiagnosisOriginal description: “Each canthus rostralis terminates (in the male) in an erect globular protuberance in front; behind, it passes uninterruptedly into the superciliary and lateral occipital ridge; the occipital region being flat (without projecting median ridge), slanting from behind forwards, and with an obtusely rounded margin behind. No occipital flap. The spinous processes of the vertebral column form a crest, which, however, shows no denticulation, and but an indistinct serration immediately behind the head. Throat and abdomen without median crest. The sides of the body are uniformly finely granular; but the dorsal crest is covered with larger quadrangular scutes arranged in vertical series, some of which descend into the fine granulation of the side of the body. The legs, loins, and sides of the throat with numerous round flat tubercles interspersed between the fine granules ; also the skin of the cheek is similarly covered. Temple very rough with series of prominent oblong tubercles. Heel without prominence. Very dark-coloured, a more or less distinct small white spot on the middle of the side ; each toe generally with a narrow white ring.
Two males, 10 inches long, the tail measuring exactly one half.” (Günther 1879: 149) 
CommentColor plate in Elaphe 4/96: 81

Nomenclature: Note that this species needs to be called globifer because of a special rule in the “code” according to which epithets that end in -fer and -ger need to be treated as nouns, unless the author explicitely states something else (LUTZMANN, pers. comm.). 
EtymologyApparently named after the globular protuberance on the snout of this species. 
  • Arndt, I. 2002. Portfolio: Chamäleons. Naturfoto 33 (10): 36-45
  • Böhle, A. 2007. Die Haltung von Hochland-Chamäleons. Draco 7 (27): 40-44 - get paper here
  • CAMPBELL, PATRICK D; WOLFGANG DENZER 2020. Annotated catalogue of chameleon types in the collection of the Natural History Museum, UK (NHMUK) (Reptilia: Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 4742 (3): 481–500 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2005. Babylonische Sprachverwirrung. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 12 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1879. Description of four new species of Chamaeleon from Madagascar. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1879: 148-150. - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. & Lutzmann, H. 2004. Das grammatikalische Geschlecht der Gattung Calumma (Chamaeleonidae) und die nötigen Anpassungen einiger Art- und Unterartbezeichnungen. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 4-5 (Addendum in issue 5: 13) - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Marie Altmanová , Martina Johnson Pokorná , Petr Velenský , Antonio Sánchez Baca Orcid and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2017. Evolution of Karyotypes in Chameleons. Genes 8(12): 382; doi:10.3390/genes8120382 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • van Hoof, J. et al. 2006. Kameleons, een fascinerende hobby. Lacerta 64 (5-6): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Walbröl, U. & Walbröl, H.-D. 2004. Bemerkungen zur Nomenklatur der Gattung Calumma (GRAY 1865) (Reptilia: Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Sauria 26 (3): 41-44 - get paper here
  • Walbrol, U.; Walbrol, H.D. 2005. Additional remarks on the nomenclature of the genus Calumma GRAY, 1865. Sauria 27 (2): 33-35 - get paper here
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