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Carlia inconnexa INGRAM & COVACEVICH, 1989

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Whitsunday Rainbow Skink 
SynonymCarlia pectoralis inconnexa INGRAM & COVACEVICH 1989
Carlia inconnexa — HOSKIN & COUPER 2012 
DistributionAustralia (Cumberland Islands: Whitsunday, Hook, Hayman Islands, Lindeman Island, all off mid-eastern Queensland)

Type locality: Hayman Island (20°03'S, 148°53'E).  
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R47178, male. Paratypes. J25060 Hayman Is (20°03'S, 148°53'E); J42496 Whitsunday Is (20°15'S, 149°00'E). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large, robust Carlia (max SVL 52 mm) that can be distinguished from all its congeners by a combined suite of characters. Interparietal scale free. Dorsal scales predominantly bicarinate (but often include a mix of both bicarinate and tricarinate scales) and hexagonally-shaped. Palpebral disc large. Ear vertically elliptic or round, with one or two rounded lobules on the anterior margin (Fig. 8D). Supraciliaries usually five. Prefrontals narrowly separated (Fig. 9D). Upper preocular a narrow, vertical sliver (Fig. 10F). Breeding male with a black head, throat and neck (Figs 1G, 2D, 3D, 4D, 5D). Both sexes grey or brown and heavily mottled with black and white markings that are aligned in longitudinal rows (Figs 1–6 in HOSKIN & COUPER 2012).
CommentSimilar species: C. decora, C. rubigo sp. nov. and C. vivax. 
EtymologyFormerly the subspecies name for these populations. Derived from Latin and meaning ‘unjoined'; in reference to the fact the species is found on offshore islands (Ingram & Covacevich 1989). The species epithet is treated as a noun in apposition. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1885. A conspect of the genus Heteropus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 166-173 - get paper here
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1975. Notes on the systematics of the genus Carlia (Lacertilia: Scincidae). I. Carlia melanopogon Gray 1845. Herpetologica 31 (1): 70-75 - get paper here
  • HOSKIN, CONRAD J. & PATRICK J. COUPER 2012. Description of two new Carlia species (Reptilia: Scincidae) from north-east Australia, elevation of Carlia pectoralis inconnexa Ingram & Covacevich 1989 to full species status, and redescription of Carlia pectoralis (de Vis 1884). Zootaxa 3546: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Ingram G; Covacevich J 1989. Revision of the genus Carlia (Reptilia, Scincidae) in Australia with comments on Carlia bicarinata of New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27 (2): 443-490
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1953. A brief revision of the four-fingered members of the genus Leiolopisma (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 11: 75-90 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
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