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Carlia pectoralis (DE VIS, 1885)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Open-litter Rainbow-skink 
SynonymHeteropus pectoralis DE VIS 1885
Heteropus lateralis DE VIS 1885: 168
Lygosoma devisii BOULENGER 1890: 79 (nom. nov. pro H. lateralis)
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pectorale — SMITH 1937: 225
Leiolopisma pectoralis — KLUGE 1963
Carlia pectoralis — COGGER 1983: 139
Carlia pectoralis pectoralis — INGRAM & CAVACEVICH 1989
Carlia pectoralis — COGGER 2000: 395
Carlia pectoralis — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (SE Queensland)

Type locality: Warro Station, Port Curtis, Qld.  
TypesHolotype: QM J1414 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A moderate sized Carlia (max SVL 47 mm) that can be distinguished from all congeners by a combined suite of characters. Interparietal scale free. Dorsal scales tricarinate and hexagonally-shaped. Palpebral disc large. Ear aperture usually round (may be vertically elongate) with a rounded lobule on the anterior margin and usually with sharp to bluntly pointed lobules on other margins (Fig. 8C). Supraciliaries usually five. Prefrontals usually narrowly separated or in point contact (Fig. 9C). Upper preocular minute or a narrow, vertical sliver (Fig. 10E). Breeding male with distinct orange upper lateral stripe and usually also an orange lower lateral stripe, with orange extending onto the chest; blue throat; throat, neck and chin scales strongly edged in black (Figs 1E, 2C, 4C, 5C). Female with white mid-lateral stripe that usually becomes ragged and indistinct or breaks up to flecks posteriorly along the flank (Fig. 1F, 6C). Both sexes have a pale greyish tinge on the ventral surface.
CommentSynonymy: after HOSKIN & COUPER 2012.

Subspecies: Carlia pectoralis inconnexa INGRAM & CAVACEVICH 1989 has been elevated to full species status.

Similar species: C. decora, C. rubigo sp. nov. and C. inconnexa 
EtymologyThe species name pectoralis translates as ‘breasted'. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • De Vis, C. W. 1885. A conspect of the genus Heteropus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 166-173 - get paper here
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1975. Notes on the systematics of the genus Carlia (Lacertilia: Scincidae). I. Carlia melanopogon Gray 1845. Herpetologica 31 (1): 70-75 - get paper here
  • HOSKIN, CONRAD J. & PATRICK J. COUPER 2012. Description of two new Carlia species (Reptilia: Scincidae) from north-east Australia, elevation of Carlia pectoralis inconnexa Ingram & Covacevich 1989 to full species status, and redescription of Carlia pectoralis (de Vis 1884). Zootaxa 3546: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Ingram G; Covacevich J 1989. Revision of the genus Carlia (Reptilia, Scincidae) in Australia with comments on Carlia bicarinata of New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27 (2): 443-490
  • Kluge, A.G. 1963. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 8 (6): 144-147 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1953. A brief revision of the four-fingered members of the genus Leiolopisma (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 11: 75-90 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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