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Carlia rubigo HOSKIN & COUPER, 2012

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Orange-flanked Rainbow Skink 
SynonymCarlia rubigo HOSKIN & COUPER 2012 
DistributionAustralia (NE Queensland)

Type locality: Magnetic Island, Gustav Ck (19°08'50"S, 146°50'41"E), north-east Queensland.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: QM J90885, male, C. Hoskin, 13 February 2011. Paratypes. QM J78516-17 Survey Dam, Princess Hills, Girringun NP (18°14' 14"S, 145°28' 34"E); J90883-84 Magnetic Island, Gustav Ck (19°08'50"S, 146°50'41"E); J76655, J76658-59 Nelly Bay, Magnetic Is (19°10'S, 146° 51'E); J90890 Cape Cleveland (19°17'29"S, 147°01'22"E); J65166 Shark Bay, Cape Upstart (19°44'S, 147°45'E); J65165 Cape Upstart, on top (19°44'S, 147°49'E); J90886-87 Lolworth Ck, near Dalrymple National Park (19°51'37"S, 146°07'45"E); J75179 Gloucester Island (20°02' 30"S, 148°26' 30"E); J89141-42, J89145-47 Airlie Beach, Shute Harbour Rd, Mandalay (20°17'S, 148°44' 21"E); J83256 Clermont, 6.5 km NNW (22°46' 06"S, 147° 37' 39"E); J83279 Scotts Peak, Feez Creek Stn (22°51' 44"S, 148°13' 31"E); J88423 Valencia Station (22°56' 14"S, 147°46' 18"E). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderate sized Carlia (max SVL 44 mm) that can be distinguished from all its congeners by a combined suite of characters. Interparietal scale free. Dorsal scales tricarinate and hexagonally-shaped. Palpebral disc large. Ear aperture round to vertically elliptic with one or two rounded lobules on the anterior margin and sometimes with smaller, rounded lobules on other margins (Fig. 8B). Supraciliaries usually five. Prefrontals usually narrowly separated or in point contact (Fig. 9B). Upper preocular minute or a narrow, vertical sliver (Fig. 10D). Breeding male with pale blue throat and broad orange or coppery flush on flanks; black speckling present on neck and jawline but no heavy black edging to scales on throat (Figs 1C, 2B, 4B, 5B). Adult female with a white mid-lateral stripe that usually breaks up posteriorly into white flecks (Figs 1D, 6B). Both sexes have a pale greyish tinge on the ventral surface.
CommentSimilar species: C. decora, C. pectoralis and C. inconnexa 
EtymologyFrom the Latin rubigo, meaning ‘rust'. In reference to the rusty orange colouration on this species, particularly on the flanks of males. The species epithet is treated as a noun in apposition. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • HOSKIN, CONRAD J. & PATRICK J. COUPER 2012. Description of two new Carlia species (Reptilia: Scincidae) from north-east Australia, elevation of Carlia pectoralis inconnexa Ingram & Covacevich 1989 to full species status, and redescription of Carlia pectoralis (de Vis 1884). Zootaxa 3546: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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