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Carlia schmeltzii (PETERS, 1867)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Robust Rainbow-skink 
SynonymHeteropus schmeltzii PETERS 1867: 23
Carlia prava COVACEVICH & INGRAM 1975
Carlia schmeltzii — COGGER 1983: 140
Carlia schmeltzii — INGRAM & COVACEVICH 1989
Carlia schmeltzii — COGGER 2000: 399
Carlia schmeltzii — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: “Rockhampton im nordöstlichen Australien”.

prava: Australia (Queensland); Type locality: Magnificent Creek, Kowanyama (Mitchell River Mission), (15° 18’ S, 141° 44’ E).  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5750
Holotype: QM J14101, from Magnificent Creek, Kowanyama (Mitchell River Mission), in 15° 18’ S, 141'44’ E, Qld. [Carlia prava] 
CommentDistribution: not in NSW (fide Swan et al. 2017, Field Guide NSW). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Johannes Dietrich Eduard Schmeltz (1839-1909), who had no formal training but became one of the leading experts on Pacific Islands ethnography. 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Covacevich J; Ingram G 1975. Three new species of rainbow skinks of the genus Carlia from northern Queensland. Victorian Naturalist 92 (1-2) 1978: 19-22 - get paper here
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • DONNELLAN, S.C.; P.J. COUPER, K. M. SAINT & L. WHEATON 2009. Systematics of the Carlia ‘fusca’ complex (Reptilia: Scincidae) from northern Australia. Zootaxa 2227: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Doody, J. Sean and Brendan Schembri. 2014. Carlia schmeltzii (robust rainbow skink) environmentally-cued hatching. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 494 - get paper here
  • Ingram G; Covacevich J 1989. Revision of the genus Carlia (Reptilia, Scincidae) in Australia with comments on Carlia bicarinata of New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27 (2): 443-490 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1867. Herpetologische Notizen. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1867 (Januar): 13-37 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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