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Celestus curtissi GRANT, 1951

IUCN Red List - Celestus curtissi - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesCelestus curtissi curtissi GRANT 1951
Celestus curtissi aporus SCHWARTZ 1964
Celestus curtissi diastatus SCHWARTZ 1964
Celestus curtissi hylonomus SCHWARTZ 1964 
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Khaki Galliwasp, Curtis' Galliwasp 
SynonymCelestus curtissi GRANT 1951:68
Diploglossus curtissi — SCHWARTZ 1964: 39
Celestus curtissi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 371
Celestus curtissi — POWELL et al. 1999

Celestus curtissi aporus SCHWARTZ 1964
Diploglossus curtissi aporus — SCHWARTZ 1964: 45
Diploglossus curtissi aporus — GREER 1967
Diploglossus curtissi aporus — OBER 1970
Celestus curtissi aporus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 98
Celestus curtissi aporus — HEDGES et al. 2019

Celestus curtissi diastatus SCHWARTZ 1964
Diploglossus curtissi diastatus — SCHWARTZ 1964: 42
Celestus curtissi diastatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 98
Celestus curtissi diastatus — HEDGES et al. 2019

Celestus curtissi hylonomus SCHWARTZ 1964
Diploglossus curtissi hylonomus — SCHWARTZ 1964: 49
Celestus curtissi hylonomus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 98
Celestus curtissi hylonomus — HEDGES et al. 2019 
DistributionHispaniola, Ile de la Tortue, Ile de la Gonave, Isla Catalina, Isla Saona
Antilles, Haiti, Dominican Republic

curtissi: Haiti, Plaine de Cul de Sac, north to St.Marc, east into Valle de Neiba, República Dominicana; Île de la Gonâve. Type locality: Trou Forban, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti.

aporus: Peninsula de Barahona, west to Dominico-Haitian border, north to Barahona, República Dominicana.

diastatus: Haiti, Presqu'île du Nord-Ouest, south to Ça Soleil and Terre Neuve; Île de la Tortue.

hylonomus: República Dominicana, southeastern coast.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Material from Ennery, Haiti, and Isla Catalina and Isla Saona is unassigned subspecifically.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 11733.
Holotype: MCZ 77159 [aporus]
Holotype: MCZ 63402 [diastatus]
Holotype: MCZ 77160 [hylonomus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 86 mm, in females to 82 mm); limbs
relatively short; nasal excluded from rostral; fronta1longer than broad; no median keels on dorsal caudal or body scales, but keels present in juveniles; ventrals usually longitudinally striate, 80-102 between mental and vent; 33-42 scales around midbody; 12-18 fourth toe lamellae. Dorsum metallic and almost patternless, with occasional indications of nuchal lines or scattered dots (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 371). 
CommentFor illustrations see Grant, 1951; Schwartz, 1964. 
EtymologyNamed after Anthony Curtiss, a collector and amateur natural historian. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1951. The specific characters of the Celesti, with description of anew species of Celestus (Sauria: Anguidae). Copeia 1951 (1): 67-69. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1967. Notes on the mode of reproduction in anguid lizards. Herpetologica 23 (2): 94-99 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Ober, L.D. 1970. Reproduction in the Anguid Lizard, Diploglossus curtissi aporus Schwartz Herpetologica 26 (2): 275. - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. 1964. Diploglossus costatus Cope (Sauria: Anguidae) and its relatives in Hispaniola. Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery Sci. Publ. 13: 1-57
  • Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1989. A new Celestus (Sauria: Anguidae) from the Chaine de Ia Selle of Haiti. Copeia 1989 (4): 886-891 - get paper here
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