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Celestus duquesneyi GRANT, 1940

IUCN Red List - Celestus duquesneyi - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Blue-tailed Galliwasp, Duquesney's Galliwasp 
SynonymCelestus duquesneyi GRANT 1940: 157
Diploglossus duquesneyi
Celestus duquesneyi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 372
Celestus duquesneyi — WILSON & VOBEL 2000
Celestus duquesneyi — WILSON 2011
Celestus duquesneyi — SCHOOLS & HEDGES 2021 
DistributionJamaica (Antilles)

Type locality: Portland Point, Clarendon Parish, Jamaica.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 45194. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (maximum SVL about 96 mm); limbs relatively long; nasal excluded from rostral; dorsal scales striate and keeled; ventrals striate; ventral scales between mental and vent 116-122; scales around midbody 48-49; fourth toe lamellae 19-23; angular subocular between supralabials 7/8. Top of head olive-brown; body ringed alternately with black and brown; limbs patternless olive-brown; throat and venter immaculate, pale yellow; tail banded alternately black and sky-blue (at least in juveniles) (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 372). 
CommentAbundance: very rare; thought to be extinct but rediscovered in 2000 (Langner 2019). 
EtymologyNamed after Douglas DuQuesnay, who apparently discovered the type (but note that Grant misspelled the binomial with -eyi instead of-ayi).
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cousens, Penny Norseen 1956. Notes on the Jamaican and Cayman Island lizards of the genus Celestus. Breviora (56): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Grant C. 1940. Notes on the reptiles and amphibians of Jamaica, with diagnoses of new species and subspecies. In: Jamaica Today. Hazell, Watson, and Viney, London and Aylesbury, p.151-157.
  • Langner, Ch. 2019. Ich komme Dir auf die Schliche! Verkanntes Schleichenvolk – die interessanten Echsen der Familie Anguidae. Reptilia (Münster) 24 (136): 16-27 - get paper here
  • SCHOOLS, MOLLY & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2021. Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the Neotropical forest lizards (Squamata, Diploglossidae). Zootaxa 4974 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Wilson, B.S. & Vogel, P. 2000. A survey of the herpetofauna of the Hellshire Hills, Jamaica, including the rediscovery of the Blue-tailed Galliwasp (Celestus duquesneyi Grant). Carib. J. Sci. 36: 244-249
  • Wilson, Byron S. 2011. Conservation of Jamaican amphibians and reptiles. In: Hailey et al., eds, Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 2: 273-310 - get paper here
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