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Celestus hewardi GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Heward's Galliwasp 
SynonymCelestus Hewardii GRAY 1845: 118
Diploglossus (Celestus) variegatus PETERS 1874: 370
Diploglossus hewardii — BOULENGER 1885: 291
Celestus hewardi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 374
Celestus hewardi — BAUER et al. 1995: 53
Celestus hewardi — WILSON 2011
Celestus hewardii — SCHOOLS & HEDGES 2021 
DistributionJamaica

Type locality: “unbestimmter Herkunft” [= of unknown origin]  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 8029 [Diploglossus (Celestus) variegatus PETERS 1874] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderately large (SVL to 132 mm); limbs relatively long; nasal excluded from frontal; dorsal scales keeled and striate; ventrals smooth to weakly striate, 113-135 between mental and vent; 49-59 scales around midbody; 15-19 fourth toe lamellae; angular subocular usually between supralabials 7/8, less frequently between 6/7. Dorsal ground color greenish tan-brown to very dark brown (almost black) or metallic tan; with or without dirty gray, median nuchal and postocular streaks; middorsal spots reddish brown to bronze; flanks and sides of head with alternating bars of black and green to yellow-green; top of head olive and patternless; limbs flecked with metallic tan; vertical subocular and loreallines absent; labials and throat ground color mottled or flecked brown to black on yellow-green to dull blue ground color extending as far posterior as forelimb insertions; dorsum of tail colored like body, but distally light bands pale blue; venter and underside of tail orange (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 374). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Robert Heward (1791-1877) British botanist and member of the Linnean Society, London. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cousens, Penny Norseen 1956. Notes on the Jamaican and Cayman Island lizards of the genus Celestus. Breviora (56): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1874. Über einige neue Reptilien (Lacerta, Eremias, Diploglossus, Euprepes, Lygosoma, Sepsina, Ablepharus, Simotes, Onychocephalus). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1874 (Juni): 368-377 - get paper here
  • SCHOOLS, MOLLY & S. BLAIR HEDGES 2021. Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the Neotropical forest lizards (Squamata, Diploglossidae). Zootaxa 4974 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Wilson, Byron S. 2011. Conservation of Jamaican amphibians and reptiles. In: Hailey et al., eds, Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 2: 273-310 - get paper here
 
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